2º Discuss Winston’s need to write his diary despite the obvious implications of capture and punishment (make clear references to the text).
Winston started to write because all that he wanted was to understand what was happening on the other side and what was happening in every moment of his life and how did he feel even though that would mean being punished.
He begins to write the diary not knowing the exactly date (which he thought it was April 4th, 1984). One of the first things he started to write was the movie they saw at the theatre the night before. And then he mentioned the woman of the Fiction Department, or O’Brien, etc. Winston looks down and realizes that he has written “DOWN WITH BIG BROTHER” over and over again in his diary, which is a serious crime.
Writing a diary is something rebellious that the Party would not allow to do. Writing would mean having sort of independency and that borders on the criminal. Writing has been outlawed, because the Party only wants to spread his own thoughts with no emotion and feelings. People are only allowed to think what the Party tells them. Therefore, an independence thought would be a sign of rebellion and that is something they want to avoid at all costs.
So when Winston began to write he recorded signs of independence and defy to the Big Brother and the Party. His diary records such things as feelings and facts that served to inform future generations of living conditions at the time. To sum up, Winston’s diary is a representation of the past, present and future that serves to communicate with the actual world.
3º Discuss the symbolization of language in George Orwell’s 1984 (make clear references to the text)
Orwell uses the language as the most important resource in the whole novel. In 1984, language is considered as a message to represent the human thought and its structure and ideals that human-beings are capable of express.
He uses the language as an instrument to make the reader think freely but at the same time to promote the ideology that he wants to promote.
One of the qualities of Orwell is his method to use simple language, and it became evident in 1984, thanks to its fairly standard vocabulary. It is also very limited and that makes the impact more visual on the audience and allows him to approach an event or ideology in the story much more directly.
Orwell includes sordid adjectives to describe the Big Brother and the Party, such as: “extremely dirty” “morally corrupt” and “cumbersome”.
Inside the novel the language Is very important. They have his own language called “Newspeak” which is the language that Big Brother uses to narrow an individual’s vocabulary.
Newspeak is a tool to limit freedom of thought (explained in chapters 4-5). Instead of multiple words with one meaning, words are erased from existence to shorten the amount of words in the dictionary. And its vocabulary was so constructed as to give exact and often very subtle expression to every meaning that a Party member could properly wish to express, while excluding all other meaning and also the possibility of arriving at them by indirect methods.
Here are some examples of Newspeak: crimethink, doublethink, Ingsoc. Generically, Newspeak has come to mean any attempt to restrict disapproved language by a government or other powerful entity. In addition, words with opposite meanings were removed as redundant, so "bad" became "ungood." Words with similar meanings were also removed, so "best" became "doubleplusgood." In this manner, as many words as possible were removed from the language. The ultimate aim of Newspeak was to reduce even the dichotomies to a single word that was a "yes" of some sort: an obedient word with which everyone answered affirmatively to what was asked of them.
4º Discuss the main themes in chapter I of 1984 and how these are further developed in the novel (make clear references to the text).
The chapter begins in on a cold in April of 1984 when the protagonist Winston Smith returns to his house (a dilapidated apartment building called Victory Mansions). In the staircase he sees an enormous face with the words BIG BROTHER IS WATCHING YOU.
The first chapters of the novel are used to develop and introduce the major characters and the main themes of the novel. One of the main goals are to control all the subjects, and to illustrate the extent of the control that government is able to exert. Winston’s diary entry, his first overt act of rebellion, is the primary plot development in this chapter. The theme of psychological manipulation is present in the first chapter, as Winston’s grasping at freedom illustrates the terrifying extent to which citizens are not in control of their own minds. The telescreens in their homes blare out a constant stream of propaganda, touting the greatness of Oceania and the success of the Party in ruling it. Each day citizens are required to attend the Two Minutes Hate, an intense mass rally in which they are primed with fury and hatred for Oceania’s rival nations, venting their own pent-up emotions in the process.