Pio Baroja. Life and literary history. Baroja was born in San Sebastian in 1872, the constant work due to the work of his father he created a sense of rootlessness. He began a career in medicine without a vocation. It is intended as a rural doctor at a village in Gipuzkoa, but resigned the seat, because this world really appealed to him. It has a fatalistic mood and a repudiation of any religious consolation. These elements constitute their worldview. His family moved to Madrd, there is in charge of a bakery, was faced with the bakers' guild, the bourgeoisie was beginning socialist. He published his first stories and, later, his first novels (way of perfection). Just was linked to politics (just a candidate who did not triumph, the state Republican), but when civil war breaks out is arrested by Nationalist troops. Is set, then released and exiled to France. Returns to Spain after the German occupation and died in Madrid in 1956. Baroja character and ideology. Sensitivity to physical or moral violence and fear of intimate relationships with others. Baroja from the beginning shows rejection of violence, yet the fascination with violence, to the irrational nature of the violent characters. This admiration and revulsion simultaneously are characteristic of his works. Baroja The 3 cores are: a) reflection of the social environment. b) Subjective. c) momentaniedad conscious reflection of life, its lack of transcendence and permanence. Baroja, was a person totally skeptical stance often adopted nihilesistas. Politically, he defined himself as anticaciquista, anti-militarist and anti-clerical. It was actually a liberal, nationalist and secular, but never was a Democrat. Here is the skepticism of a man who claimed that the law must always leave room for the weak do what they want. The young Baron has a critical attitude, close to regeneration. Emphasizes his anti-Semitism and anti-parliamentarism. The hostility toward the Jewish people is because it is a culture that is not rooted in any particular site. On the other hand, the nationalism of Baroja live with their awareness of belonging to the Basque people. He became interested in the culture of the Basque people, but never ascribed to any independence project. Career literary genres and trends. Baroja's work is really huge. Several trilogies of novels written from 1900 until his death and 22 volumes of historical novels that bear the same title (memories of a man in action) and focus on a single protagonist. Starring Eugene Avinareta, Pio Baroja ancestor who led a singularly adventurous life during the nineteenth century. Alongside this, their production is completed with articles and essays. All the work of Baroja prose shows a good use of his talent and show stylistic issues and concerns of the author with an important autobiographical. Baroja projecting exploits his experiences in his books, using a mixture of reality and irony of stock items. He was the quintessential novelist of the generation of 98. highlights the fact that it would group his novels in trilogies. The works present thematic unity. "Tierra vasca" Baroja wrote the following trilogies. "Struggle for life" portrays the life of Madrid's underworld in the early twentieth century. They are novels that take place in environments of poverty and crime, with an open structure. "Race" The tree of knowledge. "Technique and style.The first readings were Barojas adventure novels and serialized nature, authors such as Jules Verne, Alexander Dumas, Victor Hugo. Such readings clearly marked at the time Baron understand their readers. From a young age also read philosophers such as Schopenhauer and Nietzsche, vital to classical authors such as Shakespeare, Cervantes and Moliere, of his contemporaries, preferred to Ortega and Azorín, however, did not feel too attached to Unamuno and Valle-Inclán. Baroja was drawn to popular culture, for all the vulgar and around the picturesque. This taste for popular culture is evident in the lexicon (registration palabbras colloquial). As for his ideas about the novel. Mostr''o is always very concerned about 2 issues: why write? And to whom I write?. This results in the importance given to it in their works to the prologues and epilogues, where Baroja usually give students explanations about his novel. Himself said he wrote to entertain, to distract and maintain personal contact with the reader. His novels are open, often begin in medias res and often inconclusive end. The constant changes of characters and environments as well as the mix of urban, philosophical and adventurous, it creates a dynamic, not boring, which rise to work suitable for the general public. As for the characters, are mainly of two types: Characters pessimistic, antisocial, critical to the world. Baroja reflect the bourgeois intellectual, writer, and often hypocritical. "Characters adventurers, men of action, tireless freeloaders. Projected here Nietzshe vitalist thesis that reflect what the author wanted to be. Both the pessimists and the vitalist have in common that are different characters. Baron defended the idea that things were hard and full of personality, are drawn by a life of action, however, did not know where to go, or why they do things. Baroja us a man overwhelmed by the circumstances presented and described, it shows them in action. The dialogues are also usually of 2 types: philosophical and family. Here's where it gets pefectamenta characterize the characters. The tree of knowledge. It is one of the most representative works by Baroja, it is revealed both the personality of the author as the concerns of the men of 98. portrays the decline of Spain as the disaster of 98 anthers, a country crazy, irresponsible and empty. The novel part of the trilogy "Race" and is divided into seven sections whose titles are significant for their content. His experiences as a student and as a country doctor and his thoughts on human existence allow us to know the attitude towards the life of our writer and his negative attitude to society of the time. One of the findings of the authors of 98 was the Castilian landscape, but while Azorín is moved by the lands of Castile and Unamuno is known to the Spanish soul through the landscape. Baron takes a pessimistic and bitter. This pessimistic and negative attitude does not stop at the landscape but extends, so pronounced, in the analysis of the customs of the inhabitants of Alcolea. Thus throughout his works show his distrust of humans and their character created beings appear as outcasts of society. One facet of this writer is his anticlericañismo and lack of religiosity. Andrés Hurtado (and even the Baron), is skeptical about the possibility of revolution and offers no solution to transform the town. Baroja, and Hurtado, not a revolutionary is a skeptic, and therefore shows inndiferente to any political party.
Miguel literararia Unamuno.Vida and history. Born in Bilbao in 1864. Wealthy bourgeois family, a child expressed a strongly religious. Study of arts and rationalist readings will lead to a religious crisis. Entered the Socialist Party and the following year his books begin to appear, but always practical, journalism. I collect their essays to a volume called Around the traditionalism which seeks the essence of the Spanish people. This makes his vision of two types of history: The great men and political events that call the surface and on the other hand, the history of anonymous people who work every day with no impact on the country's history that called conscience of death itself, which causes the anxiety angustia.Frente Unamuno man looking for two outputs: The biological survival and spiritual survival (through the work itself). Here is the true meaning of literature de Unamuno, survive through their own works
. Unamuno's ideas about the novel. For Unamuno's novel is a form of intuitive knowledge than the object of study is the intimate world and not external. Personality is a complex entity, hence you think that every individual has four personalities: • The real personality and only God knows. · What each person thinks he is. · What is each person for others · What each person want to be, which is the creative identity of the individual. Unamuno thinks that the novel is autobiographical, as the characters in the novel are his opponents, his other self. The characters become their heteronyms. Our author looks at the literature to catch the time, give a lasting way to work to survive over time and believes that the novelist died at his antagonist, who is the protagonist of the novel, namely that the novelist died in writing . Unamuno gives a very important player, because he remembers reading the act and in this sense as you read becomes an author and actor of the novel. The literature is thus a shared adventure in which the reader, somehow, dies at the end of the novela.Decía Unamuno that the distinction between two types of novels: oviparous and viviparous. The oviparous are those that the author carefully prepared as if the brooding, providing ideas and arguments carefully. The viviparous are on the contrary, those written on the fly to whatever comes, without prior scheme and attuned to the flow of living thought. This is the form of novel that he prefers. The novel becomes a novel so open in expressing his thoughts flow vivo.Los existential issues are often conflicts and personality that always reflect intimate dramas of the characters. These creatures are characterized because they are stark, passionate, all interesting his former life, are barely described and passions can say they are moving. His novels show us symbols, images and shapes where everyday reality is distorted, exaggerated. His style, characterized by the eagerness to resort to violence, the abundant use of images that often are symbolic. He is interested in having what he considers most essential of the intimate life. Descriptions ignores space - temporal, physical descriptions. When novels often to the point of what interests you, this leads him to begin "in medias res." All his novels are crossed by conflicts between victims and perpetrators of passion, so intense conflicts that may give the impression that the works lack of exposure, middle and end and look like they are pure knot.Sometimes I do not really have outcome because it raises the question remains in the air: It presents a struggle, an agony of a character, and gives no final solution because there is not. These open ends are really innovative. Therefore, to Unamuno's novel is a genre open, non-default, which is not about seeing what happens to the protagonist, but to see what the protagonist es.Además novels have different views often antagonistic juxtaposition point of view of the characters and the narrator, who becomes one more. This translates into the importance of dialogue, monologue and the monologue of critical interior.Como could say that Unamuno's arguments are somewhat fuzzy and lack of unity of action. This is seen in the interpolated stories and introduces the conversation between characters that seem to break the thread of what was supposed to be aware of these beings acción.La often appears divided. What are and what they believed to be. These minds have the character to wonder, to doubt his existence, to feel insignificant. Unamuno Another recurring motif is the mixture of fiction and realidad.En as his style, Parker says Unamuno call it "comic-tragic", ie a mixture of caricature of tragic humor and exasperation. There in his works, a tendency to worship language, the abstract vocabulary and chosen their own intellectual nature. But once you want to write directly, passionate, colloquial, it also leads him to use short sentences of an impassioned interjections, repetitions and even colloquial and vulgar expressions. Jose Martinez Ruiz Azorin "· life and literary history. Azorin was born in Alicante. His father was a lawyer and politically conservative. Child is characterized as shy and introvetido, attitude seen in Confessions of a small philosopher, autobiographical novel of character. Studied law at Valencia at the behest of his father, since he does not Intres. INTELLECTUAL COPYRIGHT environments is introduced in the city and is discovering his vocation literature and journalism. He started writing articles in various newspapers and magazines about literature and politics. He started his political career as a Conservative MP. He became a member of the Royal Academy. During the civil war refrugio in Paris, but then returned to Spain and joined the Franco regime. He died in Madrid in 1967. Azorin anarchist. Until 1891 azorin remains faithful to the belief even family, heir still conservative environment in which he lived. From this date, influenced by progressive intellectual circles and a series of readings, Azorín is an anarchist. Under the strong wind of human suffering are the institutions (State country, Church and Marriage), whose principle of authority has to disregard the individual. How are you ideas emerge in their articles, rebellious and radical journalism. The writer will suffer a life crisis, philosophical and profesional.Marcha to Madrid with a desire to make a literary career. Coincides there with other members of his generation. Spend a very hard time, since it has no money and his ambitions were high. Goes up until it works in the newspaper the country, where he wrote a series of articles, but would be expelled for an article against matrimonio.Pierde faith in revolutionary ideas. Her work does not leave time for his artistic vocation. His radicalism can harm your work. This results in a clear pessimism. Schopenhauer and Nietzsche Lee, so his philosophy is totally pessimistic, but his attitude does not give you more interested critica.Lo this time is his first novel Diary of a sick, where first-person account, the crisis of a writer involved in the frenetic life of Madrid.All this mixed with a melodramatic love story. We presented here are a character name that is the projection of self Azorin. Displays personal conflicts, although the author denies the identification of personaje.El sees his art as something that should impress. Throughout the years pass anarchism Azorín pessimism. Azorín invents a character who transferred their experiences (Antonio Azorín). We can say about that type 3 Azorín autobiographical novels. Will, Antonio Azorín, The Confessions of a small philosopher. The 3 novels are an intellectual and Levantine character that have 3 states of Azorín and where there is no chronological order. These novels are heterogeneous, with little action, open-ended, very descriptive and detailed passages, reminiscent of naturalism. There are passages in these novels that seem self-stories, as Azorín has a habit of skipping genres, looking for a hybrid of novels, essays and lyrics. Azorín contemplative. The writer is now an analyst at the historical, literary and political of country through newspaper articles that had just formed books of essays. Besides these books of essays, there are 3 novels inspired by myths and characters of Spanish literature. Don Juan Tenorio original recreation, Doña Inés, very personal recreation of the Dona Ines de Zorrilla. Through these characters, the Spanish reality shows, with an attitude of benevolent observer attempting to represent the positive aspects of the characters and suggest the negative, but not convicted, that is, with an understanding attitude. Azorín is an omniscient narrator who access your privacy. Uses the present tense achieving a combination of science and mystery in their obras.Ciencia: Describe reality (visible and tangible objects) with high precision, accuracy and effort to direct observation and minuciosa.Misterio: Subjective perception of things, wrapped in an obsessive theme: Fugacity of time intrahistorical life before death. In terms of style, the adjectives used are selected, used with great richness and precision, particularly those related to the hearing unicamnte use these resources to collect essential nuances of things. Azorín Superrealist. A Azorin also fascinated surrealists trends. 3 In this sense wrote experimental novels. In these novels his surrealism is not only psychological and aesthetic, but is marked by a deep moral concern and ethical attitude. His style is characterized by the narrative present, the use of short sentences juxtaposed, but often the prescindienco verbos.El posguerra.Durante period of civil war marched to Paris to acabr the war returned to Spain. This was the big mistake of Azorin, it was met with indifference and hostility of the new regime that allowed him to publish in Presno. From here, curried favor with some authorities, falanguistas, writes a novel of self-justification and get back to the ABC news. Later he writes romantic novels and a work of aesthetic nature.