5. Tradition and modernity in the poetry of Miguel Hernandez
The beginnings of the poet as writer correspond with those of an apprentice
a poet who, as described Damaso Alonso, became a great follower
of the great classical authors, until he came to discover his own poetic voice.
On his way as a poet can distinguish the following stages:
5.1. The apprentice poet (1910-1931)
Miguel Hernández was born on October 30, 1910 in the province of Alicante
Orihuela. His father, a man hard and unsympathetic, only allowed to attend the
school until 1924. In March of that year he placed as a dependent of a store
tissue and at the burn facility is dedicated to caring for the family cattle.
This was lower than the office could play and Miguel had to be humiliating
spend every day herding goats in front of his fellow desk.
It is very likely that the first verses of that trance arise: firstly because
livestock care left him many hours to ponder and to compensate other
the hard fact of life.
Therefore not surprising that his first poems oscillate between the local point
and manners and outrageous styling and idealization. And there are literary portraits
of his duties as pastor with mythological allusions as
Pastoral or alternates panocho In my Barraquer, seeing her dead with refinements
the modernist tradition in the wake of Rubén Darío and Juan Ramón Jiménez or
Becquer's intimate romanticism.
Armed with a dictionary of mythology, another rhyming and language, this work
became a substitute for the school lacked.
From that time and the readings of which was fed in those years
formation can be seen as the first Michael, a shepherd boy accent that educates
octosyllable his ear to the romance, in Virgil, Góngora, Garcilaso, Lope
de Vega, San Juan de la Cruz, Antonio Machado, a defunct modernism represented
then Gabriel y Galán, an amalgam of voices among which
poems and texts resonate Becquer, Rubén Darío and Juan Ramón Jiménez, without
lose sight of the locals as Vicente Medina, regionalism and self-phonetic
life experience as a goat herder.
Sijé friendship with Ramon (an anagram of Jose Marin) will mark its growth
as a poet, becoming a mentor and guide their readings
. Sijé was a special case within the provincial intelligentsia. Was also a
great mentor to the poet friend to the point of exercising influence over him
decisive in its first stage, in love for the classics and in his militant Catholicism.
In his first creations, developed around the age of sixteen are
frequent mythological scenes and eastern environments, all as a result
his taste for Romanticism and Modernism.
An example of this early poetry Hernandiana very attached to tradition
classic literature we find under the heading Poems loose I of the anthology. In
This section shows the metric range, especially the use of octosyllable,
the pentameter, the dodecasyllabic, the hexadecasílabo, and also free verse.
5.2. On the road to modernity and vanguard (1932)
On November 30, 1931, Miguel Hernandez begins his first trip to
Madrid, with the hope and the hope of being recognized that creation of a pastor
little poet as he describes himself in a letter to Juan Ramón
Jiménez asking him to receive at home and read the poems he has written.
After his first stay in Madrid, economic hardship make it back
his people. Sin embargo MH serves to completely renovate the ideas
literary. Decide to approach the avant-garde movements and renew your language
style and technique, especially using the metaphor.
For this approach to avant-garde poetry, there is an event that
is of paramount importance: the commemoration of the tercentenary of the death of
Gongora, in 1927. Will thereafter when in contact with poetry
Alberti, Gerardo Diego and Jorge Guillén, which will most influence their
concept of pure poetry (which had also spoken Juan Ramón Jiménez).
Guillén as Paul Valery both serve to demonstrate the model as
fact that the first poem of the book appears headed by a quote from poet
French, entitled Sex and the moment, 1 is dedicated to Guillen. Embarks
then in a production full of new discoveries and adventure in a poem
tight, complex syntax, with an accent culterano Góngora and heir
culture octaves, tenths and taste for elaborate metaphor in
Perito en lunas work.
In fact, the very title of the book is full of suggestions. For
an expert hand makes us think of an occupation in which the poet is shown as understood
or expert. Furthermore, experience seems to lie in what is
mysterious, as are those moons, in the plural. Although expert also may mean
pastor, as one of the eighth moon of the book calls the sheep and in more than one
occasion, he called himself lunicultor. Moreover, in the eighth moon Oven appear
verses that give the book its title, referring to himself in these terms: Oh
you, an expert in moons that I know / what moon is better tasting and strain. That is, if
Best was the moon, which is a metaphor for a loaf of bread made in the
oven, or another moon, impossible, of gold, which is the celestial body.
Could also receive from García Lorca's influence because of the moon from
Gypsy Ballads of the work. The book, originally entitled Polyhedra, perhaps by
ultraísmo and Cubism, he was reduced to 42 / 8 with which it is configured.
Shows the neogongorismo, sensuality, poetic riddles and metaphors
greguerías guessing close to Gomez de la Serna, (metaphor
humor) but devoid of the humor of their creator. Displayed objects and scenes
real life: the cock, bull, rockets, watermelon, sheep, goats, snake,
well, the wheel or the tree. And all of them apply a particular iconography
reminiscent of lunar and Góngora García Lorca.
In light of metaphor, which bind hyperbaton, anaphora and ellipsis,
the most common objects acquire artistic range. It's time to hide your world
inside to admire the surrounding universe. It details a metaphorical code
not easy to decipher.
So in Palmera, we note some surrealistic metaphor, as in put to the
moon a corkscrew. It turns out that the visual image of the palm tree resembles
a column, starting with the spur, with its doors opened just as
Sourcing. And its height, it looks like the moon would hang a corkscrew.
Therefore, palm leaves resemble a corkscrew-shaped hair
when we see the moon lies between the top of the tree.
Another curious metaphorical association is higher on Cinnamon Camel
referred to the camel's hump, color and also that there is a clear
relationship between the palms of the oasis and the camels. With the gold necklaces
throat / you based on the tiller is raised, and sings refers to clusters of dates
hang like necklaces of gold and the trunk of the palm resembling a shirt
serpent that rises to the top, and there the wind shock branches
mimics the hiss of a snake.
In addition to the moon, round are also other images from the book, as
drop of water, the shape of the bull's horns, which resemble a quarter moon,
wheel or a loaf of bread.
5.3. The discovery of love (1934-1936)
With the publication of the beam that continues, it appears as a poet who has
fully absorbed the influence of Quevedo and the painful feeling Garcilaso and
strophic form as the sonnet. This serves to express their passion
love after beginning a relationship that would become his wife,
Josefina Manresa. His love will be the source of poetry, a tear affective
with a blinding burst of passion and sudden as the lightning's title
book. And along with this romanticism, found the presence of certain
symbols such as the knife, the beam, sword, fire, wreck or the bull.
On the other hand also shows the influence of Pablo Neruda and
Vicente Aleixandre. It was the first who set the aesthetic of the call
impure poetry. In this line, from now, Michael is concerned about the problem
of human existence and his own life full of love and pain, anxiety and
desire. Are the three constants that are the key to his work: the famous
three wounds of life, love and death. A Aleixandre, Neruda and must MH
the adoption of the second cutting edge techniques, especially of Surrealism and
leading positions which could be summarized in the formula of poetry
My name is impure as mud, A carnivore knife ... or as tributes
Odes to Neruda or Aleixandre or Eclogue Garcilaso and the drowning of the Tagus
Becquer. Note the transition from the pain of love for solidarity with
Friends and communication with the poets
Love is the ray that lives in the poet and his heart full of exasperated
forges fierce and angry. Is a ray that turns on itself with
destroying their rain-rays.
Love feeds the fire that emanates from the beloved. A beloved breed and
which is easy to steal a kiss on the cheek. It increases the desire
the fondness he has for his accent, that craving for your company, so
that when her kisses missing, it feels to die. Then the poet will join in a
wreck of which can only be saved by your love, try the table, or at
least of his voice, I intend north.
The lover is like a bull, having perceived the odor of the beloved, experience
in your body the overwhelming power of jealousy, and roars, while feeling die
for not having her around. And, like the bull, his body is accustomed to suffering
and grief. Like the bull, is grown in punishment, and still be pursued despite
rejected by her.
Thus, the penalty is another central theme. This becomes a
hurricane lava, a beehive, or a carnivore knife. And all because the wording
end of the book was forged during a break in their relationship with
Josefina Manresa. But punishment does not come exclusively from their distance
love with Josephine. On occasion, the inspiration of it is another woman,
Mary Cegarra, idyllic love, as reflected in I know I see and hear a sad
In this sonnet the subject of constant sorrow tinged with resignation, suffering
and agony is present. Aware of their inability to get
love of the beloved away from her promises, despite how much it costs and
it hurts. And in this sad lament, both reminiscent of Garcilaso, and Quevedo,
promises to love her to death: I go there I go, I go, but I am goodbye
love, goodbye to death.
Besides the sonnet, he uses other verses, as in the opening poem
A carnivore knife, written in quatrains, a verse much of the romantic taste.
Love is that carnivore knife that sticks every day in the poet's heart.
15 The poem, My name is mud but Miguel call me, written in Silva,
located in the central position of the book, although one of the last to be included
therein. His tone is closer to Surrealism and its images are
more negative than those in the sonnets. The mud is pervasive, it dominates
everything and even threatened with the arrival of a loving cataclysm.
Late in his famous Elegy incorporates Sijé Ramon, after the sudden death
your friend, December 24, 1935 in Orihuela. Triplets composed chained
the poet is inserted into the literary tradition of the funeral elegies. His
style is very similar to that of the sonnets, as evidenced by the presence of resources
common, such as anaphora, parallelism, similicadencia and metaphor.
5.4. Revolutionary poetry (1937-1939)
With the outbreak of the Civil War, the poetry of Miguel Hernandez takes a turn
radical. Her war production can be summarized in two books of poetry: wind
people (1937) and The Man stalks (1939).
In wind people, we see a writer deeply rooted in the
people, which echoes popular concerns with a strong tone
epic, lyric poetry militant, revolutionary and surreal.
For Miguel, poetry is the essence of the people and has its origin rooted in
earth itself, and its destination is the people. This is evidenced by the dedication
the book made Vicente Aleixandre, when he says that the foundation of the poets
is the earth and stop the target is in the hands of the people. And those who dare to dishonor
the blood are the murderers of the people traitors and poetry. Poets,
says, we the people wind: blowing born to pass through pores
and conduct their eyes and feelings toward the most beautiful summits
It is time the soldier-poet, the soldier who carries his spouse
poetry with images full of hardness of metal parts, weapons. Death
appears as a medieval warrior with spears and dress rusty cannon.
Moreover, the war makes the carnations are transmuted into shots, and bulls
in cast iron and bronze.
Now is when impure poetry of Neruda and acquires its full Aleixandre
embodiment and when the poems are filled with surreal images, loaded
unreality and visionary elements in which shows a degree of optimism, a
some hope of victory.
Only thus can make people succeed winds, winds
freedom represented by the peasants, workers, fighters and, symbolically,
by lions, bulls or eagles. The only ones who will impose
will yoke the oxen.
At the same time, carries out a renewal measure, giving way to the silva
the tenth, the quatrain, the sonnet Alexandrian romances, standing serventesios
Elegy first is a text inspired by the murder of García Lorca. In
Song of the soldier husband is by all means to plant a new
life in the midst of destruction, chaos and death.
In Sitting on the dead, the poet reaffirms the conviction that
He is someone born of poverty to become the nightingale of misfortunes
echo of bad luck. Only if it fulfills its mission could die head
very high, as laborers, harvesters and farmers.
Yuntero child is a poem describing the tragic fate of that child,
born to be hit to move from cow manure. A poem
marked by sadness, pain and injustice, but in the end leaves the door open
the hope that these laborers are those who rebel against it.
Man threatens opens with the first song, which appears
blunt statement: Today love is death, / and the man stalking the man.
Is the result of a tragic vision, despondent life and death. No deaths
sense, violence, cruelty and hatred set of 19 poems in this book, written in
heptasílabos and eight-syllable verses, though prevalence of heroic verse and Alexandrians.
The tone of the book is much more pessimistic and negative because the poet has been
verify that the man is a wolf to man. The prisons, which are
a new symbol, go with their mouths open in search of men and
entire villages in which to satisfy their voracious appetites. The trains filled
spilling blood and legs, arms and eyes, while traces of plant
In the last song dares to express the hope that someday
can see your house without tears, without pain, with a table well stocked with food and
in a comfortable bed to sleep next to the woman he loves.
On September 29, 1939 was arrested in his hometown and starts
a prison tour that will end with his death in Alicante, March 28
5.5 The prison and death (1939-1942)
What would be his last book, Song and Ballad of absence, was delivered
by Michael to his wife and remained unpublished for several years.
It consists of 79 poems which collects, in a very intimate
episodes of his life, as the death of her first child, the joy of the birth
the second, the hard separation of the beloved wife, final moments of the
war and the consequences of defeat.
With this book reaches maturity poetic expression, metaphor is
rises to its peak of perfection and expressiveness, not without some
surreal flavor, and the poet ignores what is unnecessary or not essential. It
poetry is a human truth-seeking and shown almost naked
This poem takes the form of short poems and short verses, with meters
traditional form of songs, ballads, and ballads romancillos, which are
very frequent parallels, correlations, similicadencias the reduplications
verses and choruses as a clear predominance of rhyme assonance
in obvious proximity to the poetry of inspiration populism that sometimes
reminiscent of his admired García Lorca.
However, the book includes poems of high art, mostly
Alexandrian serventesios part compounds, such as solar Life, My son,
Ascension of the broom and the brochure entitled Child of light and shadow.
In addition, there is a poem written in quatrains Alexandrian cheerful smile
Olive sadness and some other blank verse with a broken foot verse, as
Shores of thy womb.
Highlight the issues pertaining to the family, kissing the woman he loved;
the absence and distance, which increase over the three famous wounds (of love
death and life), the womb of the beloved, the death of her first child birth
the second, the war in jail, hunger. Birds have a special role,
olive, fig, sea, land and the coffin.
The poet moves away from literary influences for this to
in the pursuit of their personal roots.
For example, in the poem to my son, the father provides a kind
of emotional soliloquy over the body of his son, who died with his eyes
open, staring face to face with death as the brave die. Miguel also
Hernandez died with his eyes open.
The funeral of the son, the return of his body to the remote shadow it
swallows and takes it deep down, is carried out in a day without sunshine. This is
because during the ten months he has lived Manuel Ramon, it was a sun
radiant splendor. It is now a dead sun, eclipsed.
The poet turns his eyes toward the mother aside and tells him to open
eyes, that life goes on, as there is another child who still sees the light of dawn. Also
no light to the eyes of his wife, but her belly is like a sterile
For whom there was no light was for the same Miguel Hernández.
6. Spanish poetry since the early twentieth century to the postwar period.
To understand the poetry of the early century, we must remember
first what was happening at the end of S. XIX. At that time, a relentless
literary critic known as Clarín, complained of the absence of poets
young people in the Spanish scene. Zorrilla late Romanticism and the Duke of
Rivas continues without innovations until the end of the century was largely obsolete.
GA Becquer only able to create a new poetry.
Clarín, eager for a new poetry, I knew that was developing in France
innovative poetry from the Romantic period: the Symbolist school
authors of the likes of Baudelaire, Verlaine, Rimbaud or Mallarmé. This new
poetic language contrasts with poems full of rubble sometimes Zorilla
or Campoamor (The priest of Pilar de la Horadada)
Baudelaire had noted that the world is a forest of symbols, man
anda lost the world trying to find those symbols. It is then
synesthesia arises when the system is renewed and enriched by the Parnassianism poetic,
incorporating cultural representation, the classical Greco-Roman world but
also the world of bohemia, taverns, sluts, landscapes, colors,
music, sharing of feelings ...
In Spain will be Ruben Dario, a foreign writer, with Blue (1888)
Enter the world of the senses in Spanish. Valera, who by his travels
as a diplomat knew the Symbolist school, get the book and is passionate, he
encouraged to continue and becomes his literary godfather (so always in the
editions of Blue appears a letter-preface de Valera)
Rubén Darío in his book introduces the symbols (Caupolicán) Alexandrine verse,
Not used since medieval literature, musicianship above all,
sound as part of the construction of the poem and the new issues.
Thus the first group of Spanish poetry of the turn of the century
Modernism is. R. Darío (Azul, Profane Prose, Songs of Life and Hope)
counted among its followers Juan Ramón Jiménez, Manuel Machado
Antonio Machado, but the school will soon waters since the personality
These authors then exceed the modernist influence (Juan Ramón Jiménez
Pure came first, dressed in innocence ...)
Antonio Machado published in 1903 with poems Solitudes rubeniana influence,
however, in the 1907 edition Solitudes, Galleries and Other Poems, dispenses
of these poems. Manuel Machado, Villaespesa and follow the trail Marquina
Rubén Darío well into the century. Valle-Inclán evolve into a
caricature and burlesque poetry. Unamuno himself, greater age and government,
feel influenced by the American cyclone was Rubén Darío
The second core, school or what are the avant-garde trend.
Surge of modernists in Madrid gatherings, such as the Café Pombo. Ramon
Gómez de la Serna is the first to translate the manifesto futurist Marinetti.
In another conversation with Rafael Cansino Assens known movements
French art: Futurism, Dadaism, Cubism (Picasso painters
or Juan Gris) that triumphed in Paris. This definitively ends Rubén
Darío and Modernism.
Parnassian displayed numerous magazines (Greek amphora with oil) and arise
many poets who publish in these journals that form the Ultraism. Among
They are Gerardo Diego, which in Paris agrees with Vicente Huidobro, creator of
In Spain since 1916, with Notes on a recently married poet, Juan Ramón
Jimenez has great influence on other young people with their search for poetry
pure (his teacher is Paul Valery) and instituting free verse. Magazine Index,
with only four numbers will be crucial for the Class of 27.
Juan Ramón choose poems to the magazine. The canon of 27 people is
Index published. The first books of the authors of this generation are
Juan Ramón Jiménez and he knows that his master is to honor Gongora
which is not added and they all turn away.
Juan Ramón Jiménez taught them to publish books, first editions
showed them how they had to make the press, leading to precious books.
The Generation of 27 melts at Garcilaso, Góngora ...
From 1929 Vicente Aleixandre published a text that says
looking for other things, that is tired of pure poetry. Alberti began his first book
surreal. García Lorca, tired of the gypsy, it's avant-garde, march
New York and get a strong surrealist influence (Poet in New York, the public).
Cernuda, going through an emotional crisis, create a surreal book, just
that will Emilio Prados.
The more orthodox surrealists are those of the Canarian, on the mainland
are more scattered and each leaves his personal tinge.
Everything is a crossroads (Romanticism> Parnasianism and symbolism>
Modernism> Vanguards> Generation of 27). Miguel Hernández is a synthesis
of all, a great follower in the words of Damaso Alonso. His intelligence
and gathering power will be geld to assimilate all of the above.
Teen with a good education, took to the classics with his
Marín friend Pepito (Ramón Sijé) who read together. Ruben also read
Darius, Zorrilla, Vicente Medina (write a poem imitating the language of the garden,
With 16 or 17 begins to know the poets of the 27 (a Jorge Guillen
Murcia ...) imitates the style of Song tenths of Jorge Guillén and then Garcia
In 1927 Lorca gave a lecture published La Verdad de Orihuela, La
poetic image Miguel Hernández de Gongora y Gongora and discover. Lorca
metaphors explains how he and Miguel Hernandez Gongora excited. Lee
Polyphemus and Solitudes and begins with the octaves.
In 1933 he met Lorca in Murcia where he was a representation
La Barraca in El Teatro Romea. It teaches you to mobilize metaphors as
symbols, finding a new poetic language, tight and original. In his work Perito
Moon is in all this: the pure poetry, and Góngora García Lorca.
Madrid travel to begin between 1934-1935. His supporters in Madrid will
Pablo Neruda, a stream open to inspiration, and Vicente Aleixandre that
always welcomed into his home to new poets and brings a world of irrationality.
MH dedicates each a poem (p. 183 and 187)
While taking place transformation process (1933-1935) has
place the death of Ramon Sijé to whom he dedicated the Elegy to be integrated into the
Manuel Altolaguirre book he is publishing: The ray continues. The author is
already joined G. of 27.
In 1936 part for the front and becomes the poet of the war. Wind
people lurking man.
The Miguel Hernández most original is the last, the popular poet of Song
and ballads of absences. This is a poem written from prison by a
popular poet with a tremendous force which still operate linguistic symbols.
It is the final synthesis in which there are echoes of symbolism, the Parnassianism,
of the Golden Age (Garcilaso de la Vega ...) Becquer ... in a book
the fly with new wings poet from prison who will die to hugs
his wife and his son laugh.
7. Miguel Hernández and nature
It has always been very close to the author to nature. His early biographical
fall within the natural framework of a rural population: Orihuela, municipality
Alicante in the district of Vega Baja del Segura river, fertile land and productive
horticultural crop. Since little direct contact with
living nature and she will grant him the first knowledge about life.
It will learn the seasons happen, the name of plants and animals
smells, customs, rituals, events like the birth and death of living beings
the birth of the beast, sucking, ultimately, the awakening of life. His
goatherd work as assigned by his father, he will herd, milking, cleaning
stable, deliver milk ...
But this box and intoxicating green nature is bound to add
its capacity as observer, and his concern for learning. Following the forced abandonment
stage of schooling, Michael will continue his self-reading task
the classics (Garcilaso, Góngora, Virgilio ...) in the cave Canto Forat,
near his home in the Sierra de la Muela.
The theme of nature is almost perpetually in the path Hernandiana. According to
statements of who was his widow, Josefina Manresa, the poet never wrote
at home, it was always in the field or in the mountains. In his early poems and
duality is seen as a poet and pastor. Miguel never hid this fact more
it shows its most exalted feelings. Starts singing his own experiences,
combining poetry and life. The scenes vegetable garden, the pasture and crops
are still typical of a regional poetry lacks universality, at least
theme. Its nature is in these publications first-scented landscape,
colorist, Levantine and authentic. He himself says that the lemon tree in my garden influences
more to me than all the poets together.
In this first stage is when you write with greater intensity on the
issue, which is shown in Pastoral poems. The protagonists are
a couple of pastors in a bucolic setting with a river clear, the sun
blonde and emerging aura. In between, the distressed cries of Leda, a pastor who cries
loving abandonment. Garcilaso cutting, we see the sun sets, the
mountain clearing, the darkness takes over feelings and buries his black pastor
penalty. De Garcilaso a Lorca in less than sixty verses marked by the transformation
nature which in turn points to chronological accuracy over
time from morning to night. Feelings and nature are also inseparable.
Sung spaces are where the poet develops his career
vital. Thus, the city of Orihuela is continuous grazing his muses, praised and exalted.
Your garden will not be overlooked: local paradise, setting season, / if brief
my house siege in April, spring boarded, / where my life pass / thirst-quenching
when it burns. / Adam as a hobby, but not Eva, / my hours here browsing / viewing
reveals how the lime green / yellow its prow / green fig and do other rocking chairs (...)
There is also mixture of sex and eroticism that is expressed through symbols.
Oranges, grapes, orchards and roses home connotations
erotic. (Lemon, who is first an element of inspiration, then, in his book
Beam that does not stop, will evolve to a term of love, so that you beloved lemon
strip, open wound in his chest in a pointed and dazzling sentence)
Appears later his first book of poems, Perito en lunas, where he continues
beautifying nature through the use of many literary resources. And
in the title is the lunar orb, symbol of fertility. It evokes the beauty through
flora: lilies, tuberose, lilies, stock, carnations and roses. The palm is so characteristic
your town also has its place (high'm looking at the palm trees). Use
fauna, such as sheep, which resembles the woman, the bull, which he himself
identified (as the bull I was born for mourning), the bee, nightingale or crow
with which to express the passion of love. Water, a heteronym that groups
river, sea or rain, is reflected in different ways. Shout to the Segura river crossing
the city, passing through Manzanares Madrid, where they have their peers (
as Neruda and Aleixandre) that the poet was bathing in its waters during the period
summer spent in the city of Madrid and the Mediterranean Sea reflects its origin
From this book, however, an estrangement from nature,
what critics have termed a tear between man and landscape, if
While the relationship with that terroir lived and felt definitely not broken. For
this reason are still intertwined with natural elements, but the poet
beautician looking shed, but to deepen the human and social background. The
natural cosmology is changing, as seen for example in the fig tree
already discussed. Now is a symbol of masculine and virile. Its connotation
erotic shows and the plant is a symbol of the conjunction between men and women when
ratio fig tree and speak phallic symbol to speak of a violation in the following
terms: the more confusing leg, for assault, was shipwrecked fig figs
pearl hair on hostile, demanding rowing.
There are various references to meteorological phenomena. Rain,
sometimes linked to blood is shown as a transparent blood rains,
others, appears accompanied by thunder, lightning and storms. I used the term beam
The title for Ray that continues to symbolize the tragic destiny of love. The
storms are heard roaring in verse, as the flagship of the Elegy
Ramon Sijé, in my hands raised a storm of stones, / rays vicious axes.
Thunder uses it in the first Elegy to define as García Lorca
Thunder combs. Finally the wind is a natural force in which deposits
values of peace and freedom: winds of the people I lead, / Winds Village
Land is another component of his poetry. My name is mud, but
Miguel call me, and writes the poet to mix water and earth, because he conceives this
latter as a mother who was born and will welcome after his death. In fact many
critics refer to as the poet Miguel Hernández land than
The poet identifies with the Levantine land and its peculiarities, and commends to
all the palm tree from root to crown. The lady called landscapes or is that
acuna / the archangel of the moon and relates to other poets saying Levantine
watch it dam in the retina / Azorin. / contemplate him between the eyes / red beauty
red / twilight and looked penalty.
We may refer to poetry Hernandiana in terms of visual poetry,
like photographs, descriptions of nature are taken to paper
in writing. Metaphors have the peculiar quality of stress situations and
common objects of everyday life and get with them a rhetorical
unique, since they start from a cult of the humble, and this is where the originality lies
the author. So are metaphorized the bull, the palm, the Scarecrow, the wheel ...
In his lament for the death of the poet Garcia Lorca, the cousin says
apples, you can not sap your woodworm / may not with the language of your death
Worm / and give your health fierce poma / choose your bones the apple. With this
beautiful metaphor tells us that death will not silence the voice of the poet and quoted bones
as a more resistant to decomposition of the body to express the permanence
In the famous poem Nanas de la cebolla, a reference to the bulb is metaphorical,
and, in turn, is the description of a reality, he tells his wife about
of hunger in your child. The onion is frost shut in and poor, frost
of your days and my nights, hunger and onions, black ice and frost black
Another metaphor is the image of the sun, engine life, which is responsible for
account of the event of reproduction: the great time of delivery, the most emphatic