This book covers the following topics: heroism, death, family, honor and the honor of the person, and this, in the social context of the Middle Ages, in which We placed the personal prestige to any other value . We also reflects the hatred and desire for wealth that was palpable in the medieval atmosphere.
The genre of this book is poetry, and specifying a bit more epic poetry and swashbuckling and is the most important work of this group in Spain.
e. Place of work:
The action takes place in Spain in the eleventh century, divided into different kingdoms, each one of them a man in charge of governing.
El Cid, Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, virtuous character, with religious piety and love of family, courageous and intelligent fighter. It appears as a great hero who overcomes his exile doing everything possible and impossible to return to enjoy the confidence of a king, as well as repair the disgrace suffered by their daughters at the hands of the heirs of Carrion and earn great fortunes and land. Its main value is the pursuit of honor.
King Alfonso, in principle, banish the Cid Castilla, but throughout the story, is realizing that in reality it is a good subject, and forgives him. He is the king and, therefore, the highest authority. All the inhabitants of his kingdom should obey if you do not want to be deported. But, ultimately, always tries to do justice.
Jimena, is the wife of El Cid. Supports all her husband because he admires.
Doña Elvira and Doña Sol: daughters of the Cid and Doña Jimena.
Aides and supporters of the Cid: Fañez Alvar Minaya: The "Mina" is a person who offers to help the Cid. It offers the company of friends and vassals so you can leave the kingdom of Alfonso VI. In his travels with the Cid, was responsible for sending messages to the Rey.Martín Antolinez: The "Burgalés" is the person who gives his bread and wine before the start of the reign of Alfonso. I served and evening offers to go with the wing guerra.Pedro Bermudez Cid: The "Mute" fight together against the Cid Don Fernando (infant Carrion). Cousin-brother is the Cid's daughters, Doña Elvira and Doña Sol, and thus nephew of the Cid. Raquel and Vidas: They were trusted friends of Martin Antolinez. Martin entrusted Cid coffers for the save, as the Cid can not take them with him, because he discovered the King Alfonso. Don Sancho was the one who took care of the daughters and the wife of Cid as he was fighting out the reign of Alfonso VI. Avengalvón: A Muslim who is under the command of the Cid, good vassal that always does the will of Don Rodrigo. Is friends with the friends of Cid.Todos they decide to follow the Cid to help you, support you and fight alongside him in all the battles and get rich. They are loyal vassals who were also winning his honor.Heirs of Carrion: intended marriage with the daughters of the Cid and ultimately succeed. Once married, they take the wealth that they were entitled to the battles won, and go, later dishonored Doña Elvira and Doña Sol These characters represent the desire for wealth, selfishness, and contempt for others. Other characters : Infants of Navarra and Aragon, the bishop, the Moors (friends and enemies), the kings of the various territorios.García Ordóñez: He was an enemy of the Cid, known as Count Don Garcia.
Anaphora - repetition of a word at the beginning of each verse.
With the tapes sliding roofs with rigor
With the sharp spurs accuse them great pain
Hyperbaton - alters the logical order of prayer
Hence the silk fabrics clean the stained blood
Conative function formula: "Well shall hear what he said now"
Epic Epithets: used to describe especially the hero "who in good hour was born"
Binary phrases: "Moors and Christians"
Pleonasms "cry your eyes"
The literary work is based on the banishment of Rodrigo Diaz de Vivar, (a character that existed in reality).
It is divided into three songs:
The Song of exile
It tells how the Cid, banished by King Alfonso VI of Castile was forced to abandon their land. After passing through Burgos Jim leaves his wife and their daughters in the monastery of San Pedro in Sardinia and go toward land of the Moors. Then undertakes a number of raids that provide many benefits, which used to share out between their armies and send a portion of profits to Alfonso VI to ask for your forgiveness.
Song In weddings
Reconciliation begins with the Castilian monarch once Cid conquered Valencia and of course sending numerous gifts to the Castilian monarch, which allows the family to join him Cid in Valencia, the king arranges the marriage of the daughters of the Cid with the Heirs of Carrion. El Cid suspicious of this marriage and makes Alfonso VI responsible.
Song of the reproach of Corpes
Recounts several episodes in the shows the cowardice and greed Carrión infants such as the incident with the lion or the cowardice of the Birth to when going into battle, to avoid the taunts decide to leave Valencia infants alleging that will visit their land and decide to take revenge del Cid stopping raging in a forest there and rape the daughters of the Cid.
El Cid calls for justice to the King and he summoned the court of Toledo. It condemns the Heirs of Carrion to duel against the men of the Cid. The story ends with the announcement of the marriage of the Cid's daughters to the sons and the kings Navarra and Aragon (better than the previous line