Chapter 5: Personality and Values
·Personality: characteristics that describes an Individual’s behavior.
·Heredity: the biological and psychological Makeup of a person
·Myers-Briggs type indicator (MBTI): personality test that Classifies people into 16 personality types.
·Big five model: personality assessment model That places people into 5 categories.
oExtraversion: someone who is sociable.
oAgreeableness: someone who is cooperative.
oConscientiousness: someone who is responsible.
oEmotional stability: someone who is calm.
oOpenness to experience: someone who is Curious.
Other Personality traits relevant to OB: core self evaluation, Machiavellianism, narcissism, self monitoring, risk taking, proactive Personality
·Core self-evaluation: conclusions individuals Have about their worth as a person.
·Dark Triad: A Constellation of negative personality traits consisting of Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy.
·Machiavellianism: the degree to which an Individual believes that ends can justify means.
·Narcissism: the tendency to be arrogant.
·Psychopathy: The tendency for a lack of concern for others and a lack of guilt or remorse When their actions cause harm.
·Core self-evaluation (CSE): Bottom line conclusions individuals have about their capabilities, competence, And worth as a person
·Self-monitoring: a personality trait that Measures how much a person can adjust their behavior to situations.
·Proactive personality: people who show Initiative.
Theory: A theory indicating that
The way personality translates into behavior depends on the strength of the