Short Stories: 1.No long introduction - reader "jumps" into the action 2. No detailed description of setting, characters and atmosphere 3. It often shows a decisive moment in somebodys life 4. Its presented in a strictly chronically order 5.There is a limited number of characters 6. It usually consists five parts: Introduction -> development -> climax -> falling action -> solution 7. It often leaves an open question Elements of short storie: 1.Action and conflict: one or more events? When? Where? Make up the structure (wie sich charaktere behandeln, ) 2.Characterization: is klar 3.Setting (framework of the story) background, landscape, weather, time (Grundzustand) 4.Style/language: short or complex sentences ? Dialogue or monolgue? Choice of words ? +++ STILMITTEL 5.Theme: inner core of the story 7.Tone = the way sth is said importance on characters hero/heroin (stimmung, atmosphere) 8.Narration: a, First person narrator b, the narrator tells the story through the eyes of a main character - limited point of view c, the narrator tells story he has observed without any opinion d, the omniscient narrator tells what happens- knows everything Comment: 1.Introduction 2.Giving ur opinion 3. Arguments (Behauptung, Begründung, Beispiel) (Firstly, Secondly, Moreover) 4. Schluss Operatoren: assess/evaluate = Meinungsbildung nach Präsentation von pro UND kontra comment on = eigene meinung vertreten (einseitig) discuss = pro/kontra Stilmittel: alliteration = rock ragges ran anaphora= In every...In every... In every... euphemism = he passed away statt he died (beschönigung) hyperbole= im so hungry could eat a horse irony !! symbol, metaphor Cartoon: 1. Topical sentence: START WITH MESSAGE: "In my opinion the cartoon is supposed to" 2.Description: in the top corner / bottom corner / foreground / background .. The subject of the cartoon is .. 3.Interpretation.:
PGD(=Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis): Pros: Parents can have children that wont develop a dangerous disease later. Using PGD to avoid cancer deaths gives poeple control over thei lives and childrens lives. Cancer gen will die out Cons: painful treatement. Expensive (no health insurance pays). Religious ethical objections. GM-Food: Pros: Resistance to herbicides. more nutritious crops. Production of medicines. Better overall qualitiy and taste, create new food Cons: Cross breeding with wild population. Toxicity or allergic reactions. over-use of herbecides Being British: 5'o ´clock tea. football,cricket,horse race. rainy weather. Strange sense of black humor. old fashioned, traditional (monarchy). driveo n left side. cant cook/strange food. Consumer boycotts: Pros: companies chance their habits. make consumers buy more thoughtfully. hopefully improvements wages & working conditions. Cons: can cause joblooses. consumeers goods are more expensive. no production. businisses find new ways to produce.