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Emerged as a subversive force in Latin America and expression of resistance to commercialism of the bourgeois cultural revolution.
After the independence wars of the nineteenth century, some Latin American countries had achieved some political stability resulting in
economic prosperity. Contacts with Europe, particularly France, will be increased by imports of luxury items of the moneyed classes. The styles of French life and thought were seen as "modern" and imply a rejection of traditional colonial society.
Modernism entailed not only a change in literary taste, but shut the claim of a new partnership with decolonizing intentions.
The modernists were raised at the end of the century against the
materialism, imperialism, the bourgeoisie and the utilitarian. The climate they lived, with a mix of art, bohemian lifestyle and libertarian ideas, was similar to the fin de siecle Paris. The immediate source was attended by French poetry, in symbolism Parnassianism and expression were more demanding, bold and full of trends of the time.


As a general feature of the movement, highlights its emphasis on experimentation. The constant attempt to make renewal of literary modernism is defined as the aesthetics of change.
Evasion and exoticism
Modernism led to a leakagespace and time in which they lived, in search of a universal now considered the only true one. The inclination of the modernist poets of the past (medieval, Renaissance, eighteenth, but also the Hispanic) and in distant lands and exotic is a desire to present.
The exoticism is a way to realize the aesthetic desires and ideals that were forbidden by reality. Modernists created their
own ideal world that would allow them to cope with routine life.
Cosmopolitanism defended as a facet of the need to escape, the desire to pursue the aristocratic. Paris, with its bohemian, cabarets, its neighborhoods ..., became artistic goal and theme. However, the U.S. threat, they reaffirmed their Hispanic roots.
FREE Auto-Renew of poetic language and versification.
Modernists sought to renew poetic language, so this was a unique and amazing creation, a continuous succession of findings. Enriched the language with foreign words, archaisms and neologisms abused employed the conversational style and Americanisms.
Also pursued the search for
Impressionist effects, based on feelings, which achieved through the use of synesthesia, a coloring of shades, and musicality.
The metric formulation of new proposals came in three directions:
Recovery of old forms,
Expediting known meters, such as rupture of the rigid division of the Alexandrian hemistiches thanks to entanglement.
Creation of new meters and attempted metric freedom ametrical with long lines. The reform paved the poem in prose and free verse.


In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, modernism had its influence in Spain. This fact was decisive second visit to Madrid of Ruben Dario in 1899.
The poetry scene, he needed a change, the pros and moralizing language of Ramon de Campoamor and the verbiage of Núñez de Arce were signs of a worn tradition. Only the poetic and the intimacy of
Becquer were an exception, which was felt in the largest Spanish modernist subjectivism.
Before the arrival of Darius, some poets, such as
Salvador RuedaVillaespesa Francisco and were in contact by letter with major Latin American authors.
Symptoms are observable change in publications of literary magazines such as Electra, or
Magazine Literary life Iberian involving modernist poetry and theoretical writings. In 1903, appeared the most important, Helios, which also included poems by Ruben Dario.
From the beginning of the century are the early works of
Juan Ramón Jiménez, Antonio and Manuel Machado and Valle-Inclan, who contributed to the current innovation. Only Miguel de Unamuno, so peculiar in his literary career, was able to escape the modernist influence.

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