Humanism – intellectual movement of the beginning of Antropomorfication and the centre of movement.
This transitional Movement between the feudal and the modern era was a very conservative and Cautious one.
·It includes mysticism and Pre-scientific forms of thought.
·It was based on the revival of the Classics (a revitalisation of the ‘public’, virtú) and on the revitalisation of The notion “adequate” life in this world. An ‘adequate’ life meant making a Contribution for the common good, not only praying. You don’t want to be an ‘idiot’ person who does not contribute. Virtú commitment to the public – there Is no society without the notion of virtú.
·Greek scientific thought.
·Individualism was also prominent. This can be considered, however, a major contradiction to the idea of Revitalisation of the classics.
Thomas Moore, his life - He was the Son of a lawyer – tend to belong to the bourgeoisie. Moore knew that he Wouldn’t be able to live from his families’ properties, which weren’t Sufficient as being a lawyer was a very humble job. That is why he got his Education at Oxford (1492), where he studied Latin, Greek and Law.
He belonged To Erasmus and Juan Luis Vives, very small international networks of thinkers And philosophers. It was transnational, very small yet very clever group of People, completely disconnected to the rest of the world.
A curiosity Of Moore was that he was comfortable with using torture to get what he wanted. Furthermore, he carried out cilice, which is the mortification of the flesh (doing it to yourself). He was member of the Parliament by 1430. He was a great Defender of tradition and law: he accepted the right of parliament to Legitimate Anne Bolein, and rejects royal supremacy over spiritual matters. He Wouldn’t allow the King to obtain power over church matters. He was willing to Recognise whatever he could recognise in traditional law.