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The prose in the sixteenth century Castilian prose in the Renaissance along four directions: Prose didactic aims the improvement of man and the reformation of society --- Juan Valdés, Diálogo de la Lengua --- Fray Antonio de Guevera, Contempt of court Prose and praise historic village appears driven by the expansionary effect of the time and the prospects that are created with the conquest of America --- This stream represents the Father Mariana Indian History has purpose formative religious prose and in tune with popular religiosity of the time --- Fray Luis de León, La perfecta casada --- Santa Teresa de Jesus, Way of Perfection prose narrative acquires great importance in this century because of increased readership and modify them --- are various forms of narrative of fifteenth century (the books of chivalry, and sentimental fiction adventure), but also fresh works of various genres and narrative forms of entertainment The sixteenth century Renaissance Over two trends are developing narratives: one, of an idealistic, cover stories adventurers and fantastic stories, the other realistic character, is remarkable for the way they describe characters and settings books of chivalry to be highly popular in previous centuries, continue now with the final form Garci Rodríguez de Montalvo gives Amadis of Gaul in 1508 the Italian novella tangled intrigue and tragic themes or burlesque, is imitated by John Patrañuelo Timoneda in after brilliantly adapted by Cervantes The pastoral novel emerges in mid-century and inspired by works of classical literature , along the lines of The Arcadia, the Italian Sannazaro --- The first novel of the genre is The seven books of Diana, by Jorge Montemayor, which are The Diana

in love with Gil Polo and the Galatea of Cervantes's novel imitates Byzantine Greek narrative genre and describes the perilous journey full of adventures, the protagonists --- She belongs Jungle adventures of Jerome Contreras --- The genus survives until Lope de Vega's seventeenth Moorish novel has its antecedents in the border ballads and sentimental stories developed between Christians and Moors at the end of the Reconquista --- Against these stories idealistic, realistic fiction shows with The Novel Lazarillo and Don Quijote picaresque begins in 1554 with The Life of Lazarillo de Tormes and his fortunes and adversities, a realistic work that comes at a time of success of the books of chivalry and the pastoral genre Emergence of Social atmosphere characterized by demographic changes and large masses of people living in cities and begging plunder The breakdown of cohabitation for discrimination converted Jews and their descendants The ideological openness initiated by Charles I and the appearance of Erasmus, who criticized the improbable nature of the idealistic novels The literary reaction against the romances of chivalry, by which the picaresque protagonist appears as an anti-hero rogue The rogue and Features Rogue essential are: 1 anti-heroic attitude, devoid of ideals, and a way of life based on tricks and traps 2 presents a source tree ironically low, that conditions and defaults Lock 3 as a servant of many (and the author criticizes various strata social) 4 acts motivated by immediate stimuli, 5 are mainly hunger adversity with resignation, seeking social climbing 6 is highly adaptable and is not materialistic.

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