Morphosyntactic level

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5. Pronouns

Replace the name or the NP in a sentence.

a) Semantically, the meaning is occasional, depends on context.

b) Syntactically can perform the same functions as a noun.

c) Morphologically has many forms, supports the morphemes of gender and number.

5.1 Form of pronouns

Pronouns a closed system. When its function is core can be classified into:

Personal: I, me, me, me, you, you, you, you, ...

Demonstrative: this, that, one, ... (as determinants), this, that, that.

Possessive: my, mine, mine, mine, yours, yours, yours, yours, ...

Paragraphs: one, two, ... (as determinants), (two) bedrooms, (three) fifth ...

Indefinite: (as determinants) one, whoever ...

Interrogative / exclamatives: what, how, how, what, what ...

Reflective: se, me, te, nos, os, se ...

Reciprocal: us, you are.

5.2 Operation of pronouns

Pronouns roles equal to those of the nouns they replace.



6. SN syntax (functions)

They can be classified according to function:

- Subject (not function). It goes without preposition (rarely takes the preposition between). Agrees in number and person with the verb.

- Add the name (CN). Is preceded by a preposition.

- Supplement in apposition (C. Apos.). No preposition. It is also a CN.

If complement of the verb:

- Supplement Direct (CD). In personal names, leads the preposition a. preposition is not for names of animals and things.

- Supplement indirect (CI). Preceded by prepositions.

- Adverbial (CC).

- Complement agent (C. Ag.). Appears in passive constructions. Preposition for (rarely leads).

- Supplement charge (C. Supp.) Or complement system (CRV). Is preceded by a preposition. Required by governing preposition verbs.

If you supplement name and verb:

- Predicative complement (C. PVO.).

If you add an adjective:

- Complement of an adjective (C. Adj.). Modifying an adjective phrase.

If you add an adverb:

- Complement of an adverb (C. Adv.). Amendment to an adverbial phrase.

Other functions:

- Attribute. Becomes constipated with linking verbs.

- Vocative. Represents the appellate function of language. Va commas.

7. The substantification

Some words that are not substantive change category and perform the functions of a noun. This change in status called substantification, and may affect the following classes of words:

a) Adjectives preceded by the article or other factor, even without the article.

b) infinite.

c) Adverbs.

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