Replace the name or the NP in a sentence.
a) Semantically, the meaning is occasional, depends on context.
b) Syntactically can perform the same functions as a noun.
c) Morphologically has many forms, supports the morphemes of gender and number.
5.1 Form of pronouns
Pronouns a closed system. When its function is core can be classified into:
Personal: I, me, me, me, you, you, you, you, ...
Demonstrative: this, that, one, ... (as determinants), this, that, that.
Possessive: my, mine, mine, mine, yours, yours, yours, yours, ...
Paragraphs: one, two, ... (as determinants), (two) bedrooms, (three) fifth ...
Indefinite: (as determinants) one, whoever ...
Interrogative / exclamatives: what, how, how, what, what ...
Reflective: se, me, te, nos, os, se ...
Reciprocal: us, you are.
5.2 Operation of pronouns
Pronouns roles equal to those of the nouns they replace.
6. SN syntax (functions)
They can be classified according to function:
- Subject (not function). It goes without preposition (rarely takes the preposition between). Agrees in number and person with the verb.
- Add the name (CN). Is preceded by a preposition.
- Supplement in apposition (C. Apos.). No preposition. It is also a CN.
If complement of the verb:
- Supplement Direct (CD). In personal names, leads the preposition a. preposition is not for names of animals and things.
- Supplement indirect (CI). Preceded by prepositions.
- Adverbial (CC).
- Complement agent (C. Ag.). Appears in passive constructions. Preposition for (rarely leads).
- Supplement charge (C. Supp.) Or complement system (CRV). Is preceded by a preposition. Required by governing preposition verbs.
If you supplement name and verb:
- Predicative complement (C. PVO.).
If you add an adjective:
- Complement of an adjective (C. Adj.). Modifying an adjective phrase.
If you add an adverb:
- Complement of an adverb (C. Adv.). Amendment to an adverbial phrase.
- Attribute. Becomes constipated with linking verbs.
- Vocative. Represents the appellate function of language. Va commas.
7. The substantification
Some words that are not substantive change category and perform the functions of a noun. This change in status called substantification, and may affect the following classes of words:
a) Adjectives preceded by the article or other factor, even without the article.