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Classified in History

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Sculpture=New forms and materials. Subject matters no longer needed to be noble. Materials were frequently taken from industrial waste, such as iron and steel.   Ex. Alexander Calder who designed mobile sculptures which were always in motion. In painting (innovative movements) Surrealism:  Inspiration in the subconscious and in dreams  Use absurd and irrational elements as subject matter.  Dadanism: It is suggested the destruction of art .Marcel Duchamp proposed ready- made art.  He transformed everyday objects into art by displaying them in an art gallery.  He believed art was in the attitude of the spectator as much as in the object itself. Abstract movement: Painters explored the possibility of creating works that had no reference to the outside world.  Colour and shape were the essence of these paintings.  Ex. Kandinsky, Mondrian and Paul Klee. Glossary=duma: A legislative body in the ruling assembly of Russia and of some other republics of the former Soviet Union. It was accepted by the tsar in 1905.  Soviet= (before the revolution) it was   any governmental council. After it was a higher council elected by a local council, being part of a hierarchy of soviets culminating in the Supreme Soviet. Autocracy= government in which one person has uncontrolled or unlimited authority over others; like the tsar have. Censorship=The suppression or prohibition of any parts of books, films, news, etc. That are considered obscene, politically unacceptable, or a threat to security, is one of the characterisitics of totalitarisism.  Black shirts= a member of the paramilitary wing of the National Fascist Party founded by Mussolini. They did the manching of rome.  Dictatorship= a country, government, or the form of government in which absolute power is exercised by a dictator. Like Mussolini and Hitler did. Gestapo=the German state secret police during the Nazi regime, organized in 1933 and notorious for its brutal methods and operations. Aryan race=racial grouping commonly used in the period of the late 19th century to the mid-20th century to describe peoples of European and Western Asian heritage. Hitler share this idea and applicate it.  Blitzkrieg= a swift intensive military attack, esp using tanks supported by aircraft, designed to defeat the opposition quickly, use by germany in the ww2. Nuclear attack= Warfare involving the employment of nuclear weapons. Like usa did in hiroshima. Genocide= The systematic and widespread extermination or attempted extermination of a national, racial, religious, or ethnic group. Like the nazis did with the jews.

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