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Overview of surgery.

Identify different types of surgical procedures and their relative rankings.

Types of Surgery

Surgery can be classified as major or minor, according to the severity of the disease, affected body parts, the complexity of the operation and recovery time is expected.

    • major surgery
      These are surgeries of head, neck, thorax and abdomen. Recovery time can be lengthy and involve a stay in intensive care or several days of hospitalization. After these surgeries, there is a greater risk of complications. In children, the types of major surgery may include, among others, the following:
      • removal of brain tumors
        • repair of bone malformations of the skull and face
        • repair of congenital heart disease, organ transplantation and repair of intestinal malformations
        • repair of anomalies of the spine and treatment of injuries sustained from major blunt trauma
        • correction of problems in fetal development of the lungs, intestines, diaphragm, or anus.
    • minor surgery.
      Some surgeries are considered minor. The recovery time is short and patients can return quickly to normal activities. These surgeries do not require hospitalization and return home the same day. It is strange that complications arise with these types of surgery. Examples of the most common types of minor surgery include:
      • pipe ("diabolos") tympanostomy
        • hernia repair
        • repair of bone fractures
        • removal of skin lesions
        • tumor biopsy
    • elective surgery
      These are procedures that can be useful but not essential, to which the child is subject to parental choice. An example is the removal of birthmarks or circumcision in the male infant.
    • surgery required
      These are procedures that need to be done to ensure the quality of life of their child in the future. An example is the realization of a spinal fusion to correct severe curvature of the spine. Unlike emergency surgery is not necessary to perform the needed surgery immediately, so you have enough time to prepare your child.
    • emergency or urgent surgery
      This type of surgery is performed as a result of an urgent medical need, as in the case of the repair of a congenital heart defect that endangers life or repair of internal organs injured after a car accident.

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