Phonetica

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INICIATORS: start the breathing process
VIBRATORS: convert the air into sound
RESONATORS: they change the sound quality and amplify by vibration
ARTICULATORS: they move in different positions to produce the sounds
LINKING "R" : when it is at the end of a word + inicial vowel
PLAIN LINKING: final consonant + initial vowel
LINKING "W": final /u: /, /U/ + initial vowel
LINKING "J" : final /I/ , /i: / + initial vowel
INTONATION
-OPEN QUESTIONS: the intonation goes down ( i dont know at all about the answer)
-CHECK QUESTIONS: you know the answer or you have an idea about the answer or you are confirming)
TYPES --> (flat): not interested, bored, not happy with the idea, ironic or sarcstic
/\ (rise-fall): very enthusiastic!!!
\/ (fall-rise): a question with surprise or enthusiasm



organs of speech: main fuction breathing -eating
secondary speech
when we speak we use the out going air or egressive air
1.-
the lungs: initiators/ activators.they provide air to speak(poruqe ellos comienzan el proceso de respiracion and provide the air)
2.-
the larynx.:vibrator (convierte el aire en sonido)
The cavities -pharynx-oral cavity-nasal cavity
Resonators: they change the sound quality amplifing the sound by vibration
4.-
the tongue, the lips, palate, jaw,teeth: articulators.. they move in different positions to produce the sound
Active: mobile(they move) tongue,palatesoft,jaw,lips
Pasive: inmobile(they don’t move)arveolarridge,hardpalate,teeth
The lungs:
they are2,they can not move on their own,they expand and contract with the help of the intercostal muscles and the diaphragm
The toraxic cage is a bound
The breathing process:2 stages :inhaling-exhaling
Inhaling:(breath in)signals are sent from the brainstem to the diaphargma and the intercostal muscles...the intercostal muscles cotract and they “pull”, teh ribs upwards and outwards,at the same time the diaphragm moves down wards the lung then are able to expand
Exhaling: signals are sent to the intercostal muscles and they relax(expand), they pull the ribs downwards and inwards, the diaphragm moves upwards, the lungs contract
Correct way of breathing:intercostal diaphrafmatic breathing Incorrect way:clavicular breathing...
Point of articulation:place where the articulators get in contact
Manner:the way the air strain is modify to produce the sounds
Vibration of the vocal cords: voice or voicless
Tension: lenis(voiced) fortis(voiceless)
Soft palate lowered(nasal)raiced
Open question:falling(don’t know the answer)
Check questions: rising(know answer)

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