Poem: Is a verbal composition designed to convey experiences, ideas or emotions in a vivid and imaginative way, characterized, by the use of language chosen for it sound and by the use of literary techniques such as meter, metaphor and rhyme.
Stanza: one of the divisions of a poem composed of 2 or more lines usually characterized by a common pattern of meter, rhyme and number of lines.
Rhyme: a word that corresponds with another in terminal sound. Ex: be hold and cold.
Onomatopeia: the formation or use of words such as buzz or murmur that initiate the sound associated with the objects / actions they refer to.
Verse: one line of poetry / the art or work of a poem.
Metaphor: the implied comparison where one thing is said to be another. When a comparison is continued throughout the poem it is called a sustained metaphor.
Technics of poetry
Blank verse: Any unrhymed verse.
Conflict: a clash of ideas or personalities.
Contrast: comparison, showing striking differences.
Symbol: something which stands for something else.
Theme: a basic idea, moral, message or attitude.
Assonance: the repetition of similar or identical vowel sound in stressed syllables. Ex: titling and windmills.
Personification: the attribution of human characteristics to inanimate objects or abstract concepts. Ex: And blushing birds go down to drink, And shadows tremble so?
Comparison: the act of comparing.
Didactic Poetry: aims to instruct.
Rhyming Couplets: a rhyming pair of successive words for emphasis.
Antonym: a word of opposite meaning to another.
Alliteration: repletion of the same sounds, usually initial consonants of words or stressed syllables. Ex: Lord of language, Landscape – lover.