1. Interest groups with a high number - Ex. Are labor unions and NRA.
2. By law, PACs - least fifty contributors/ Least five candidates
3. No contributor - more than $5,000 Per calendar year/candidate more than $5,000 Per election.
4. Since - separate elections,”/give $10,000 directly
5. A person can give $2,700 directly/every odd-numbered year.
6. In 2014- PACs was a Violation of 1st Amendment freedom of speech guarantees.
7. There is no limit on How much PACs./There is no limit
8. In addition to making direct- spend as much Money as they want on independent activities
9. In Citizens United V. FEC (2010), the Supreme Court- candidates for federal office was a violation of the 1st Amendment’s free speech protection.
10. The Citizens United v. FEC (2010) decision has money With practically no limitation or regulation, as long as they do not Coordinate their efforts directly with political parties or candidates.
11. In the 2014 - PACs far outspent/Lobbyists are a major source
12. Lobbyists sometimes become./Lobbyists may draft legislation
13. Interest groups can employ the insider Strategy or the outsider strategy
14. They can organize informal coalitions based/also produce rating systems of candidates
15. Interest group - rules and Regulations promulgated/the executive branch
16. Interest groups can clearly affect the selection/or in class Action suits.
17. Interest groups can formally - are not Themselves parties./an amicus curiae brief.
18. A political - to nominate/are weaker
19. In Europe, candidates for office - by party Leaders/nominated through Caucuses/primaries.
20. In Europe, voters are more - based on Their party label than/vote for candidates In different, not the same, parties.
21. In European parliaments, a Majority of seats/is unified government.