The pre-Renaissance ? Period at the end of the Middle Ages (XV century) which can detect a change in attitude and vision towards life, art and religion. The literature focuses on the man and the earthly existence, in keeping with this, the writers address issues such as wealth, death and the enjoyment of life. The pre-Renaissance society is characterized by the emergence of a new social class, the bourgeoisie, and commerce to flourish. Culture became a sign of distinction between nobles and wealthy bourgeois, and the courts and universities were replaced monasteries as the main centers of learning. In this new environment is spreading humanism, a movement which claims orginario Italian classical culture of Greece and Rome. The humanist movement marked the return of the Greco-Roman literature, whose authors and works became a model worthy of imitation. Humanism addition, renewed Italian literature, which in turn influences decisively in the rest of European literature. Important Italian writers: Boccaccio (1313-1375), Petrarch (1304-1374) and Dante Alighieri (1265-1321, one of his most famous Divine Comedy), typical of these writers was the theme of "courtly love", designed as a puzzle game that centers on the mistress this ideal love is also used in the fifteenth century. in poetry. Changes in the literature: 1. The authors are proud of his work and sign his writings against the anonymity feature of much of medieval literature. 2. There is a distancing of religious didacticism characteristic of the centuries above. 3. arises the figure of courtly writer, ie the noble dedicated to arms and letters. Types of poetry: Poetry cancionero: it sees courtly love as a game and literature. The poet takes the role of server is your lady that runs its verses adorned with some ingenuity and conceptual elaboration. Poetry allegorical addresses philosophical issues such as wealth, fame, or death take place in a high style and artful . Include: the Marquis de Santillana (Comedieta of Ponza) and Juan de Mena (Laberinto de Fortuna). The romance: poems are made up of an indefinite series of eight-syllable lines rhyming assonance in lines pairs. Son of anonymity, heirs Mester of Minstrelsy, present a great variety of themes and are characterized by expressive and dramatic concentration. The romances were transmitted orally, therefore, present variations, strong presence of dialogues and abrupt termination power of suggestion and mystery. Types: 1. The epic theme (battles of other nations), 2. From the loss of Spain (Don Rodrigo as the king loses against Arabs Spain) 3. De la reconquista (reconquest of Spain as) 4. Del Cid (develop episodes not contained in the poem of the Cid) 5. Historical and newsreels (count stories close to their time and serve to tell the public news-XV century) 6. Amorosos and nobelescos (out stories of fiction, usually of adventure and love) 7. Arturo (King Arthur and his knights) 8. Bible (Bible stories) 9. Ancients (Troy, old ballads ...). Nero: anonymous romances of the Middle Ages, has been continued today, but its success led between the sixteenth and seventeenth cración of a romance new, original worship and signed by their authors to also continue until today and has been continued by writers such as: Lopez de Vega, Quevedo, Gongora, Tomas de Iriarte, José Zorrilla and Federico Garcia Lorca. Quevedo said to mean love is ice and cold fire burning.
Literary: They are expressive procedures that deviate from the general purpose of the league with an aesthetic purpose. fall into grammatical and semantic phonics. grammatical: Epithet; is an adjective denoting a quality inherent in the fact designated. polysyndeton; repetition of the same conjunction, the expression pool and gives the text a quiet tone. asyndeton; suppression conjunctions or links, unlike the polysyndeton, makes more fluid expression and gives the illusion of speed. anaphora; is the repetition of the same word or group to the principle of different verses. Parallelism, repetition of similar syntactic structures. hyperbaton; alteration normal syntactic order of speech. semantic resources: Metaphor; applied to a reality on behalf of other related or similar. Metonymy; applied to a reality on behalf of another with whom he has a close relationship, forexample, the hoary Hui ; (hui of age), synecdoche; sustictucion of the term that designates all for designating the part or vice versa (type of metonymy), similar establish, by means of a similarity comparison between two realities. Ironia , is to express the opposite of what is meant by the context making clear the real sense. Antistesis; contraposition of two words, ideas or expressions. Fonic RESOURCES alliteration, it is the repetition of a sound or a variety of sounds. Paronomasia; is the use of words phonetically very similar, P. example, and the waves, alone!Allegorical ia: metaphor sustained over a text or part of it, is a metaphor with complex ramifications (our lives are the rivers). Personification: is to apply human qualities to nonhuman elements or even ideas (the moon me looked). Oxymoron: opposites is to fuse into a single concept that is impossible to achieve. Radoje Q: is to say something that defies logic or expected (to die born again) (to win the battle lost the war .) rhetorical question: question he does not expect an answer. Synesthesia involves mixing different meanings sensations (the blue of the morning smells of freshly baked bread) Hyperbole: exaggeration expresiba. (erase a man stuck a nose).
Enpanadiplosis: is to begin and end the verse with the same set of words or palabtra (verde que te quiero verde).
Anadiplosis: starting the next verse with the same word that ends the previous one. (and tell my nymph; tell who dies).
Chiasmus: two elements is to take a verse and repeat the following verse in reversing its order. (All for one and one for all).