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Classified in Music

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CLASSICISM: between 1730 and 1820
  1. Clasical opera: opera underwent a change during the Classicism, which made it tend towards naturalness. It eliminated the excesses of the Baroque and took the characters closer to the new bourgeois audience.
  • Opera seria: the initiator of his reformation was the german Composer Gluck which used simpler music and more plausible storylines.
  • Opera Buffa: it became the favorite opera genre of the Classicism.The main Composer was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart with The Magic Flute that is an Example of singspiel.
  1. The sonata scheme: the sonata became during the Classiccism the main composition model that was applied to the first movement of all instrumental forms.
  • The sonata as a composition scheme: three-part scheme:
    • Exposition: presentation of two musical themes linked by a passage called bridge.
    • Development: the music moves developing and combining the material from the two main themes.
    • Recapitulation: return to exposition. Both themes are presented now in the main key in order to have a stronger conclusive nature. It usually ends with a final coda.
  1. Main instrumental forms.: the instrumental forms of the Classicism use the sonata scheme in their first movement  and they are differentiated depending on the different instrumental combinations:
  • Sonata: for one or two solo instruments.
  • Trio, quartet, quintet, etc.: for chamber ensembles formed by three, four, five or more instruments.
  • Symphony: for a whole orchestra. Four movements: Allegro, Adagio, Minuet or Scherzo and Alegro
  • Concerto: for orchestra or soloist. Three movements : Allegro, Adagi and Allegro.
  1. The most important composers were Haydn, Mzart and Beethoven who built the bridge towards the next stage: Romanticism.
  2. Carmen:  is an opera in four acts by the french composer Georges Bizet.

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