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Classified in Music

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The Baroque is the period coming after the Renaissance, and spans the 17th century to the mid-18th century. Musical scene, music is an indespensable element in every socila activity. Castrati were famous male singers from the poorer classes chosen for the beauty of their voices. Instrumentalists: violinists, organists and others. 1-Profane music was more popular and intrumental music became as important as vocal music. 2-The concerto, the toccata, sonata and fugue. 3-Porfane music: the opera. Religious music: the oratorio, cantata and passion. 1-Concerto grosso: 3 movements: fast-slow-fast, 2 groups of instruments: the tutti, grosso or ripieno, and passages played by the concertino. 2-Solo concerto: similar to the grosso, but the groups are the full orchestra, and one single instrument. 3-Mixed concerto: combination of both, passages of the tutti, grosso or ripieno, and some concertino and soloist. Suite, musical work containing various dances. Allemande, from Germany, four-four time with Allegro tempo. Courante, Italian, 3/4 time. Sarabande, Spanish, slow tempo, 3/4 time. Gigue, English, three-eight time. Sonata: a piece of music "sounded" by an instrument. Toccata: played using keyboard instruments, free rhythm, long in length and virtuosity. Fugue: polyphonic in one single movement, built on a theme that is introduced at the beginning and imitated constantly accompanied by secondary themes. Oratorio: religious theme, no stage-settings, singers only sing, and the plot is provided by a narrator, no dances. Cantata: music to be "sung", composed fot Lutheran Protestants, using profane and religious texts. Passion: like a cantata vut more comprehensive, using biblical texts. Zarzuelas were burlesque a comic with 1 or 2 acts, alternated singing with dialogue, themes were human emotions, incorporating popular elements and showing rustic and pastoral scenes.

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