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Election Of 1912

WHO: Taft , Roosevelt , Wilson, And Eugene Debs
WHAT: election consisted of a split btwn Rep. Party & inclusion of Socialist party; Taft had little popularity and Debs was too radical, so battle Was btwn Roosevelt & Wilson; Roosevelt called for New Nationalism& Wilson called for New Freedom; Wilson won with less of the majority of pop Vote, but landslide win of electoral votes
WHEN: 1912
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: ensured that reform efforts would continue under Wilson; failure of Progressive party indicated it wouldn't last long; created a New Nationalism 

Square Deal

WHO: Roosevelt
WHAT:a strike of coal miners, so Roosevelt tried to mediate the labor dispute By calling a union leader & coal mine owners to White House& granted 10% percent wage increase and a nine-hour workday to them
WHEN: 1902
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: demonstrated that Roosevelt favored neither business Nor labor

Federal Reserve Act

WHO: Congress and Wilson
WHAT: established a national banking system w. 12 district banks supervised By a Federal Reserve Board, where Americans purchase goods&services using Federal Reserve Notes
WHEN: 1914
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: built stability and flexibility into the US financial System

Women's Suffrage Movement

WHO: Carrie Chapman Catt, Alice Paul (leaders)
WHAT: organizations such as NAWSA & Nat. Women's Party advocated for women's suffrage; Catt argued for the vote as a broadening of democracy, enabling women to more actively care for their Families in an industrial society; Alice Paul focused on winning the support of Congress and the prez for an amendment To the Const.
WHEN: 1900-1920
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE:efforts of women persuaded Congress to Support wom. Suff. Amdmnt; Catt organized a civic organization Dedicated to keeping voters informed about candidates&issues, called League of Women Voters

Espionage And Sedition Acts

WHO: Congress
WHAT: imprisonment of up to 20 years for persons who tried To incite rebellion in the armed forces/obstruct the operation of the draft& prohibited anyone from making "disloyal" remarks about the US gov
WHEN: 1917 and 1918
HISTORICAL SIGNIFICANCE: 2,000 people were prosecuted under these laws

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