EUROPEAN COUNCIL (2007-BECAME OFFICIAL EU INSTITUION)
-Came up with the Lisbon Treaty
-It is assisted by the general Secretariat of the Council
-Heads of State-government-its president/the President of European Commission
-Doesn’t adopt legislation. At The end of each meeting it issues ‘conclusions’, which reflect the main Messages resulting from the discussions.
-Meetings as a rule take place At least twice per semester (every six months).
-Role: defines the general Political direction and priorities of the EU
They take decision at higher level.
-Most of the decisions are taken By consensus. However, in a number of cases, qualified majority applies, such As the election of its President.
-When it decides by vote, only The Heads of State or government may cast a vote.
-President: Donald Tusk
THE COUNCIL of the European Union (1958)
-Also known as Council of Ministers
-Meets regularly to take Detailed decisions and to pass European laws.
-Role: voice of EU member Governments, adopts EU laws, coordinates EU policies.
-Members: government minister From each EU country according to the policy area to be discussed (agriculture, Technology…)
-Essential EU decision-maker.
-At first, it was the main Legislative organ of the Union, but when the Parliament power increased they Started to share that function.
Council + European Parliament=main
Decision-making body of the EU.