Francisco de Quevedo (1580-1645) - Quevedo wrote poetry and prose, in almost all its forms and genres. Combine the cultured and the popular, serious tone and the burlesque style concepts.
Quevedo's poetry reflects the contrast typical Baroque-reflective, his lyrical gravely concerned with deep issues like love,
death, decay, Hispanic, disappointment and the transience of life.
Burlesque poetry, refers to trivial issues, anecdotal, which tests your ingenuity.
Life-Quevedo was born in Madrid, he studied humanities and theology, and was active in the environment of the court. Entered the service of Duke of Osuna i started an intense activity
policy combined with writing, sometimes satirical compositions, sharp and biting on characters of his time. The court intrigues marked the rest of his life and
gained him an exile and a stay in prison for three years, from which it emerged, old and sick, shortly before his death.
A friend of Cervantes and Lope de Vega and Gongora's sworn enemy, who became the target of many of his satire, as shown in the beginning of one of his sonnets: <<vuestros coplones, Cordoba sonando…>>
Work: - The work of Quevedo, as Gongora is very diverse in all respects. In addition to his work in verse, translated classic poets such as Anacreon and martial, and
wrote prose burlesques, political, moral, allegorical satire and the novel ca pic, the life of hustler named Don Pablos, as discussed below.
Poetry: "Quevedo was a well known author in his time. Although his works were not published until after his death, his compositions circulated in manuscripts, and their romances and
letrillas transmitting as songs. They were especially known and celebrated satirical poems passed from hand to hand as anonymous poems.
In the poetry of Quevedo target two distinct styles:
- Poetry serious, reflective, in which the poet expresses his feelings or thoughts in a voice torn. This section includes the poems metaphysical, moral, religious and loving.
The former are ascetic tone compositions, reflections on the meaning of life, death, the passage of time ...
Quevedo is perhaps the most obsessively Baroque poet is the theme of the transience of life and the certainty of death. These are the opening lines from some of his best-known sonnets:
To live is to walk short day / and is living death ...; flees without perceived the slow day yesterday was a dream, tomorrow is land already formidable and scary sounds / into the heart the last day ...
The poems raised moral issues such as power or wealth from a Stoic, and they dominated the pessimistic and disillusioned.
poetry as a puzzle game - this style is that of satirical poems, which dominates the taste of the poet's linguistic experimentation. In general,
this poem shows a critical look at society from a burlesque, hyperbolic and absurd, very typical of Quevedo. The topics covered are
varied, are doctors, judges, deceived husbands, old men and old flirty, mythological characters and, above all, Gongora, burlesque star of numerous poems of Quevedo.
Style-Quevedo's poetry Like other poets of the Baroque, Quevedo's originality lies not in the subjects covered, but special use of language, in experimenting with new expressive resources.
Overall, Quevedo's poetry tends to the concept, as it aims to surprise by the new association of concepts. Thus, among the typical features of Quevedo's poetry, we note the following:
highly original metaphors, beautifying or deforming, which presonifican objects and objectify human beings: Who, being all Christian / her face is a heretic? (laobreza); old room, the fortune my time has bitten ...
the creation of new word s, sometimes derivative or composites: archinariz ...
special use of grammatical categories: I am a was and a will, and a tired, (the verve used with substantial value, with pasafo meaning, future and present).
The abundant conceptist puns, often based on hyperbole or exaggeration, in antithesis, paradoxes and polysemy.
lyric poetry and prose. Themes and lyrical forms of the Baroque "In the 17th century, poetry achieves high quality, is varied in themes, colors and shapes.
The best that show this variation are: Francisco de Quevedo and Luis de Góngora.Destaca also de vega lope with a natural style.