Ramon cock

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Ramon Llull
It is considered one of the creators of literary Catalan and one of the first to use a significant Romance language to transmit knowledge philosophical, scientific and technical texts in addition to novels. He was a writer, cabalistic, scientific popularizer, missionary, theologian, Franciscan monk, alchemist and more of the thirteenth century and wrote in Occitan, Catalan, Arabic and Latin.
From birth to the "conversion penance"
Lull was born in Palma between 1232 and 1233. He was the son of Ramon Lull and Elizabeth Erill Amat, a family of Catalan nobility Before marrying, the couple Lull joined the court of King James and his rise was meteoric. During his years at the court Lull lived a luxurious life and had several relationships with several young ladies.
During this time makes love songs and fun picaresques in Occitan, suitable to be sung by the troubadours.
He later married couple Picanya White, had two sons, Dominic and Magdalena.
In 1263, five have visions of Christ, that caused Lull leave his family to devote himself to preaching wing. Lull During these years the mission of going to spread Christianity in Muslim lands, thanks to a captive Saracen learn Arabic.
Lull Later he retired to a cave in Majorca where he handed over to meditation and contemplation, and finally entered the monastery of the Real, where the monks taught him Latin, grammar and philosophy, both Islamic and Catholic.



Missionary work and other
Lull in 1274 built the Miramar monastery in his native island. The aim of this monastery was to train missionaries to Christianize the Arabs
Lull began a personal crusade, as the Pope did not want to hear, with the mission to Christianize the Arabs and Jews that took him to Europe (Germany, France and Italy), Cyprus, Holy Land, Asia Minor and the Maghreb.
During these travels he wrote many works and attempted to set new Catholic monasteries in the areas visited.
Ramon Llull In 1286 he received the title of professor at the University of Paris. A year later he went to Rome to ask for funding to the church for the crusade he wanted to convert all infidels from the Holy Land, but, again, nobody listened.
In 1295 he joined the Franciscan Order. In 1299, Lull can express their ideas in mosques and synagogues of his kingdom due authorization of King James II of Majorca.
In 1307, Ramon Llull went to North Africa to continue to preach, but was about to get stoned. Then he went to Pisa, but the ship that had sunk; Lull was one of the few survivors of the wreck and managed to get there.
Between October 1311 and May 1312, Lull participate in three sessions solemn council of Vienna. He had to decide whether: the Pope had condemned earlier, it was appropriate to undertake a new crusade to reform the Catholic Church had run is'havien the Templars of heresy and blasphemy
Surprisingly, Lull support the suppression of the Templars, missionaries to teach Hebrew, Arabic and Oriental languages, but do not Lull got accepted to organize a new crusade.
Finishing the council Lull went to Tunisia to continue doing missionary. Lull died in 1315 or 1316, he returned to Tunisia to Majorca. He is buried in the convent church of San Francesco in Palma.

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