Realism and Naturalism: aunq cn realism came to Spain late in 1868 reached a major development. Q narrative genre predominates eclipses the lyric, drama, despite the success x alguns poets (Campoamor) and playwrights (Echegaray) among novelists include (Galdos, Clarin, Valera, Pardo Bazán and Blasco Ibáñez / / Lyric: the + representative poet Ramón de Campoamor Realism is char x q is its antiromanticism, his poetry books + tax. are pain, poetry and Small Humoradas / / Teatro: around 1868 authors as Manuel López de Ayala y Baus grown size and high Realist genre comedy charact q cn contemporary society reflects a gentle criticism. Galdós end of the century theater contributes to urban renewal to adapt some of his novels to the stage / / Narrative: starts or comes with the publication of La Fontana de Oro, Galdós, in 1870. In the introduction of the realistic novel contribute several factors: the success of the articles in the press publicads customs, the social Detema serials, novels x renditions and translations of foreign sutor. To renew the narrative, novelists are based on 2 models: the realist tradition of lit. Spanish S. XVI and XVII (Cervantes and the picaresque) and x in realism across Europe. Many novels reflect the ideology of the writers: Galdós and Clarín, among others, show liberal ideas, while q Alarcon, Pereda defend conservative Catholic position and limit Realism. The Spanish realist fiction has a strong regional (Jose M ª de Pereda located their work in Cantabria, Juan Valera in Andalusia, Madrid Galdós, Clarín in Asturias ; Blas Bazan Ibañez Valencia and Galicia / / Naturalism came to Spain accompanied by a strong start polémica.La Emilia Pardo Bazan in his essay "The throbbing question. In Spanish narrative is difficult to distinguish between realism and naturalism, as Naturalism only influence some authors: Galdós, Clarín, Pardo Bazán and Blasco Ibáñez.