Realism and Naturalism / / Generation of '98

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Realism emerged in the mid-century France
Century in the context of an urban society. In Spain
the heyday of the movement occurs in the decade
1880. Its aim is to present, in the most
complete as possible, the world of the bourgeoisie, with its
new features and problems: its relationship to power
and with the lower classes, the emphasis on
money, the role they occupy in life's passions
and desire.
In the last years of the nineteenth century there is a
realistic evolution of techniques leading to
Naturalism. The writer wants to analyze the human,
which is
determined by environment, for now
historical and biological heritage.
The novel is the most important literary genre
realistic movement. Its main features are:
- Plausibility.
- Personalities and dismissals.
- Linear structure.
- Detailed descriptions
- Appearance of contrasts.
- Omniscient narrator.
- Colloquial language.
Benito Perez Galdos (1834-1920)
Emphasizes the creation of characters and their
ability to integrate the country's history in life
of these beings.
The national episodes. Novels that seek
reconstruct the history of nineteenth-century Spanish.
First novels. Exposed ideological conflicts
and anticlerical religious theme.
Doña Perfecta (1876),
Marianela (1878) ...
Contemporary Spanish Novel. Reflect
reality of the time.
Miau (1888), Lucky and
(1886-1887) ...
- Most recent
novels. Spiritual novel. Nazarin
(1895), Mercy (1897), El abuelo (1897) ...
Leopoldo Alas Clarin (1852-1901)
Cultivated criticism, essays, novels and stories.
The judge's wife is his most famous novel. It portrays
Vetustan provincial society, literary name
Other authors:
Jose Maria de Pereda,
Peñas arriba
Juan Valera, Pepita Jiménez
Emilia Pardo Bazán, Los Pazos de Ulloa

Most writers of the generation of
98 have in common their rebellious attitude against the
bourgeois values. Over the years become
obvious traits such as individualism, pessimism,
distrust of reason, and so on. Come to the fore in
their texts the landscape, the old cities, boredom, and so on.
In style proclaim the need for
return to simplicity, sincerity, to the phrase living
and expressive.
Given the subjectivity of these writers, each of
they have a clearly distinct personal style
of others.
Miguel de Unamuno (1864 - 1936)
In his earlier books include reflections
existential-time, life as a struggle,
death and descriptions of the vicissitudes of everyday life.
Poetry (1907),Rosario lyrical sonnets (1911).
In 1920 he published
The Christ of Velázquez, long poem
in hendecasyllables whites.
The years of exile poems give way to talk about
loneliness, longing and obsession with death.
Ballad of exile (1928).
Antonio Machado (1875-1939) (Although
debatable, many critics entering this author
the group of 98)
His first book, Solitudes, released in 1903 and
reprinted with many additions in 1907, appears
in the heyday of modernism. Tone predominates
melancholy and suffering, and the
themes are love,
Over time, loneliness, lost childhood,
dreams ... It's very typically use
symbols: the road, river, sea, garden, afternoon
Fall ...
Campos de Castilla, in 1912, involves a consideration
Castilian poetic landscape with humanized
the emotion of love lost. Subsequently added
a series of poems with paintings of landscapes and types
Andalusians. This book features a new type of
poetry: the sentence of a philosophical and moral
Songs and Proverbs series.
New songs
from 1924, includes a new series
and Songs.

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