Rhythmic gymnastics

Classified in Physical Education

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Material: wood or plastic (must be rigid, of a material that does not bend).
Diameter: 80 cm to 90 cm inside.
Weight: at least 300 grams.
Shape: the ring may be smooth or rough. It can be wrapped (fully or partially) with a colored tape.
Implementation: The ring defines a space. This space is used the most by the gymnast, who moves inside the circle. The implementation of the hoop requires frequent changes of motion, and the main requirement is good coordination of movements.
Movements: launching, moving, ferries.
Corporal Group Required: We use the four types alike, these are: jumping, balance, flexibility and turns and waves.
Material: rubber or plastic.
Diameter: 18 to 20 cm
Weight: at least 400 g
The balls with figurative drawings are not accepted, only allowed geometric designs.
Implementation: The ball is the only implement in which the gripping is not accepted. This means it requires a more soft and delicate between the body and attachment. The movements of the ball are in perfect harmony with the body. The ball must not remain motionless on the floor, should be rolling, turning, etc.. in that lapse. Spectacular throws with precision control and receptions are dynamic elements.
Movements: rebounds, turns, figure-8 shapes, release, reception with arms, legs, etc.. , Shot directed and undirected, gigantic, retention, landslides.
Corporal Group Required: Flexibility and waves.
Clavas or clubs
Material: plastic or rubber
Length: 4 to 5 dm from one extreme to another
Weight: at least 150 grams per nail
Head diameter: maximum 3 cm
Form: like a bottle. It consists of three parts that can be wrapped with tape, provided that the diameter of the head is not greater than three centimeters:
* Body: Fleshy
* Neck: thin part
* Head: spherical part
Execution: The gymnast uses the keys to run winches, turns, throws and many asymmetric figures as possible, combined with the many figures used in the gym without attachments. When you hit the clubs, not to do with strength. The exercises with keys require a highly developed sense of rhythm, maximum psychomotor coordination and precision. The keys are especially suited to ambidextrous gymnasts.
Movements: throws with two or one, winches, shocks, retention and slippage.
Corporal Group Required: balances.
Material: satin or a non-starched.
Width: 4 cm to 6 cm
Length: at least 6 m, this part should consist of a piece. The end with the tape that joins the stylus can be twofold, in a length of 1 m
Weight: at least 35 g (without the stylus or the union).
Execution: The tape is long and bright and can be thrown in all directions. Its function is to create designs in space. Its flights in the air create images and shapes of all kinds. Figures of various sizes are executed in various rhythms.
Movements: spiral, zigzag, gigantic launch. (the objects of the image are not used for some clubs rhythmic gymnastics)
Corporal Group Required: you turn.
History of rhythmic gymnastics
The Greek civilization was highlighted at the gym (physical education or exercise). The Greek word meant gynnassium the site where athletes trained in Gymnastik (involved for an award, eg the athlon). The Greek words stica gymnastic and gimna Gymnas originate from the adjective, meaning "naked or scantily clad.
The gymnasts are considered to sport (derived from the game) as a form of competition in which the instrument of action was the body itself. It could be used as an educational medium. The physical education program for adult males were concentrated in the gym.
The arena: A smaller version of the gym. Wrestling school, was located within the city, and was intended primarily
to train school children. A teacher of physical exercise in the arena was called
Nature With Love and was similar to what is now
day a sports instructor. The men who trained the athletes for competition
gymnasts were called.
Rhythmic gymnastics
was born in the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, USSR. For a period, which allowed for a variety
of new thoughts that drove the participation of Women in social fields, in professional work and in the course in
sports. In a relatively short period took boom and created very high-level skills.
- The basis of Gymnastics has always been the classical choreography and dance pioneers were teachers, specialists in choreography,
and coaches not as you might think. In fact rhythmic gymnastics became known as modern gymnastics and their practices and
performances in concert halls, the objects using the combination of two objects, hoop and ball for example)
competencies rather were known as contests. The world's leading countries in this sport are still the Russian Federation, Lithuania,
Ukraine, Romania, Bulgaria say some. The first world championship was held in this specialty became a 1963.Se
Olympic sport in 1984 in Los Angeles, California where priorities do not participate in the USSR Crowned Lory Canadian Olympic Fung.
A few centuries ago there was already a form of gymnastics in groups, in which the athletes were dancing together, doing a choreography to
beat of the music. Over time, and as with all sports, these dances evolved, developed and moved toward
sporting competition.
First World Artistic Gymnastics Championships Rí TMIC
In 1963, in Budapest and won a Russian, Ludmila Savinkov. A few years later, in 1975, formed the Technical Committee of Rhythmic Gymnastics in an attempt to bring order to the rules and how to assess the performances of the gymnasts.
International Olympic Committee:
coordinates the activities of the Olympic movement is in charge of organizing.
FED.INTERNACIONAL GYMNASTICS: The FIG is the world body governing the rules of the sport at a competitive level gymnastics.
Its main events are:
Gymnastics World Championships in Trampoline
Gymnastics World Championships
World Rhythmic Gymnastics Championships.
Latin American Confederation of gymnastics: is responsible
to organize sports competitions in which the participants
only countries that belong to Europe and America.
Pan American Gymnastics Union
This entity is responsible to regulate and change the rules of its branches, supports and promotes the progressive development of gymnastics in all its aspects in combination with the Pan American federations area recognized by the statutes.
South American Confederation. It is an institution with years of work for sport, betting on the children where great athletes begin tomorrow, hope and triunfos.Crean achievements, develop, search, investigate, encourage ...
Olympic Committee of Chile.Chile's Olympic Committee, formed by national sports federations and other entities to its statutes. Such as: athletics federation, the federation of gymnastics, soccer federation, and so on.
National Gymnastics Federations
National sports federation, formed by local associations or regional associations, whose purpose is to promote and spread the practice of their sport at national level, establish the technical and safety rules regarding these practices ensure their implementation.
Also considered a federal entity that aims to promote physical activity and sport in specific sectors of the population. In Chile, the federation that regulates and organizes the powers of the branches of gymnastics is FECHIGI.
Awarded Post: Vice President - Secretary - Treasurer - directors
Regional associations of gymnastics: Regional Sports Association, formed by local associations or clubs in the respective region.
Community associations gyms: local sports association, formed by at least three sports clubs, which aims to integrate national sports federation.
Fitness Sports Clubs: Sports Club, which aims to provide their members and other persons determined by the statutes, personal development opportunities, living, health and community outreach, provincial, regional, national.

French School: Natural System
took his first steps in Spain, Francisco de Amor Ondeano s (1770-1848), the greatest exponent of this school and founder of the Institute Pestalozziano. But at the beginning of the war of independence this institution is bound to disappear and Francisco de Amorós flees in exile to France, where he later developed his work.
* is characterized by natural and utilitarian concepció No exercises musicians fl .* The body as a whole participates in executions and are aimed at preparing the individual for adult life .* It is intended as an improvement to the music fc to refine the natural movements, body achieve mastery in action and get a beautiful body is matically.
Evolution of the French School and had two manifestations, which are based on scientific studies ments and an alternative conception of life: scientific Manifestació n fica
Represented by
Stephen Marey (1830-1904) and Fernand Lagrange (1845-1909).It relates to the field of biological sciences and carried out important studies that analyze the impact of sport on the body are developed important theories on fatigue and establishing a relationship between sport and the influence on intelligence and character of the individual.
Pedagogical Technical Demonstration
Your maximum exponent:
George Herbert (1857-1957), noting the fitness habits of primitive peoples and in opposition to artificial Swedish analytical method and proposes an outdoor life in which physical exercise should be such naturally understood as something artificial (in the natural environment), but utility (integral physical development of the individual), without distinction between men and women and recreational in nature. It is what is now called me all Natural, which is based on theUSE OF gestures of our species to acquire the full development of the individual, leaving to nature. His idea contrary to Swedish tico analytical system is based on the movements that provide strength to the body are Achaean Llos taking place in nature, so "spontaneous nea", such as running, throwing, jumping, ...
G. Hebert makes a classification of physical exercise and groups them into 10 categories. From most to least important are:

* Transport simple: running, running and leaping.
* Transport complex: fours, climb, defense, balance and transport.
* Recreation: dance and acrobatics.
Everything is done preferably in a natural environment, following a check on the work intensity must not exceed the carrying capacity of the individual.
This divides the class into three levels (high, medium and Biles) doing the work in waves (organization "plateau").
It also proposes a individualizació n anza taught from knowledge of the possibilities of subject and use of specific exercises ments of type CHAR cheerful utilitarian and recreational.
Both the scientific demonstration as the technical-pedagogical manifestation are superimposed on the eclecticism of George Demeny, who
develops a concepció n Educació n fi music linked to improving health, physical beauty, agility and volitional qualities of man applying the advances in biological sciences gicas to the problems of Educació n fi music. Demeny completed the work of his colleague Hebert in 1914 adding an annex on female physical education was included later in French public schools.
SWEDISH SCHOOL analytical system
Created by
Pier Henrich Ling (1776-1839) mDTIS military and fencing teacher at the University of Luna, whose method is characterized by an anatomical conception, biological and corrective gymnastics, based on dogma and scientific principles that were incorporated by him into the educational system (and by extension the conception gymnastics). Your "gym" was designed to contribute to comprehensive education for children from anatomico-physiological development of the subject to prepare the soldier before the war and to develop the aesthetic sense through a body strengthening and correction of physical defects. gymnastics apparatus developed as the high bar, rings, ladders or rope swing for climbing.
The Swedish method for a model of physical health through exercises, analytical exercises, located in a specific joint core and fundamental characteristics of which are artificial, construction, identifying the phases of execution in starting position, development and end excessive statism, order and use of words of command. Although these elements are believed to Swedish gymnastics is a very simple method attributed in part to poverty and isolation in the Swedes who had lived in the mid-nineteenth century.
The exercises were classified into three groups:
* Introduction: exercises in order.
* A basic exercises: arms, legs and trunk.
* Fundamental Exercises B: jumping, climbing and skills.
Other important features of the Swedish School
identify with the non-existence of different levels ejecuci No, the concept of competition in practice was relegated to the support of the most advantaged in classes for gifted and with the least distance regarding the need to assess individual skills or the sight of executions since, as stated above, the design of the Swedish School gymnastics approached always towards the promotion of community health. Only the tenacity of the athletes and the most scientific and emerging competitive achieved in Germany during the twentieth century to make an Olympic gymnastics.
Content originating in the Swedish school were not developed in Spain due to lack of information from his most ardent supporters. What was done was to adopt the techniques and exercises more direct your partner and successor, his son Hjalmar Ling (1820-1866) who ordered and systematized the work of his father, establishing a new classification of exercises with a fixed order that was a scheme with a practical lesson also predominantly static and analytics. We are referring to the famous "Tables Gymnastics", whose main objective was to achieve an effective correction that would mark the gym for many years.
Evolution of the Swedish School
Following the line of evolution initiated by Hjalmar Ling further developed three new events that fall within the current Neosueca:
Technical demonstration pedagogica
It is considered the closest manifestation to educational systems because of its high association with childhood and Physical Education, seen also in what is known as soft gymnastics and spirit in combining analytical and corrective to the natural and playful movement.
This trend is represented by various authors as Bjorksten Elli (1870-1947) who demilitarized Ling gymnastics design on the education of women and children, and attached great importance to physical education as educational discipline in which the movement must achieve psycho-spiritual unity. Likewise, this author seeks a strengthening of body and soul, strength development and body mobility, and postural correction through freer movement and harmonics which can steer the individual toward a healthy and energetic. From the male perspective, we name the figure of Niels Bukh (1880-1950) who reacted against the old method Lingiano contributing to finding a workout based on the dynamic movements, dexterity, use of time and its spectacular setting implemented.
Another representative is Elin Falk (1872-1942) who started the school gym, characterized by a playful mood and recreation in which there is a combination of postural movement and the commands as a teaching resource, with the dynamism of the classes and driving ease. Differentiation also occurs chronologically and even physical education sexist to separate the contents gymnastics by age and sex. His student Maja Carlquist (1884-1968) continues its work even more flexible method, allowing teachers the freedom to interpret the work in context gymnastics fun, dynamic and natural which attaches great importance to developing motor skills.
Demonstration Gottfrid Thulin represented by Josef (1876-1965) who, due to the influence of other gymnastic systems that began to develop in some pa
European Ises unifies emerging trends and resolves the dispute between the analytical nature and naturalness Swedish and sports that had been developed. Besides his eclecticism not only different trends merged gymnastics but also was able to expand educational gymnastic-terminologies through scientific work. This author is credited with the creation of "exercise as a game" and "stories gymnastic" known today as "Tales Motors", which contributed mainly to the development of Children's Physical Education.
Science Demonstration
Highlight Johanenes Lindhard (1870-1947) physician and physiologist, whose contribution to physical education focuses on the field of physiological research. This author also contributed to the inclusion of gymnastics in the university.
Effects of the Swedish School in the current physical activity
The main consequence of the analytical system representative of the Swedish School is the appearance of the gym-jazz designed in Sweden by 1963. In this new form of gymnastics movement combined with African and jazz music because of the increasing importance that music was becoming as an educational resource in PE classes. Jazz music evolves, introducing a more pop style in musical structure, giving rise to different types of gymnastics are performed today in Physical Education and at gyms. The most representative example of the adaptation of jazz is the aerobic workout, as popularly known.

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