Rousseau, Pestalozzi, Froebel.

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Naturalism depagogico Rousseau (s.18) criticizes the traditional school. Naturalism: leave the claims of society to education without unnecessary interference. Emile or education. Discover childhood. Nature: the best teacher and can not go against it, negative education: letting nature work, constant teacher-student dialogue at the beginning of activity to 12. Freedom as the basis for moral education, the reason is acquired after the acquisition of other faculties. education on three sources: nature, things, men. rejects the authoritarianism of the teacher. Influences Pestalozzi, Froebel and Tolstoy
Practical theoretical contributions of Pestalozzi, Froebel and the kindergarten (s.18-19): Pestalozzi: Rousseau pincipios practice the shit with a result and rethink the method and believe that a child can learn only with good weather. as Gertrude teaches her children. Want: education to serve the people and reform of society, give freedom through culture, education will tend to the development of human faculties, method: principle of intuition, physical education and manual and intellectual and physical education, social values to children , une nature to the sense of duty, bad punishment. Intends to observe and think instead of listening and repeating. Froebel: rousseuaniana Part of the idea that man is naturally good. Education is considered by: man and god, people of different races, reflective powers, responsive and executives of human beings, human potentialities. Method puerocentrista. you appreciate the spontaneous activity, spontaneity. I think the kindergarten compared to children with a plant that should be allowed to grow freely, but also guinea pigs and feed. child as creator. gifts-play materials that served to develop the game. influence kindergartens and child care today. didactcos or educational games.

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