OrientalismIt started with the monks in the middle ages (1100-1200): the picturistic style & realism employed throughout oriental Art in the XIX century were used as tools to legitimize the western concept of orientalism and the negative stereotypical association with it. The realistic Technique employed with in this work also has a metaphoric function that Promotes negative stereotypes of western culture, shown in the worn down. Employed in oriental paining to convey not only the white man’s authority also Islamic society as an inferior race but also male dominance and woman through Sexualized themes of possession and slavery. So in that approach in a puritan Society these kind of paintings shocked as well as reinforced the fact that Eastern people = violent and etc.
·Oriental paining used to reinforce western Superiority, you don’t really see a picture in which there is an empowered Woman but rather a woman who is an object and submissive to the man.
·Core element: - How we Conceptualize the other. This way of representing other nations/ cultures from our point of View (Eurocentric) -Stereotypical Perception and image that oriented the Europeans in one way
Ideal of progress is westernized:If You are still using sticks, you are inferior we have evolved
·How western people describe and depict the “other”
·Odalisque: Latin word for female slave, how Women were depicted in society as slaves, inferior, submissive
·Stereotypical Eurocentric, racist depiction of the Other Methods: the methods of orientalism (critics): - Creates homogeneity because orientalism ignores The variability of middle eastern society and substitutes a simple mentality to Stand for the orient. - Stereotypes groups or people, or countries - Constructed an ‘other’ not like ourselves but fundamentally Different - Orientalism is also meant to diminish people Through your ethnocentric lenses - - The ‘Other’ is looked at as timeless and Changeless, no evolution, where as westerners were seen as progressing The other was seen never as product of its time But as a frozen ‘object’/person.
Criticized orientalism in a postmodern society