Political Instability in Spain
Imperial glories where distant memories.
Little of the rapid industrialization compared as Britain, France, Germany.
Spain was a largely agricultural country which the lands were controlled by healthy landowners
Much of spain arable land uncultivated.
Poverty: People with no rights, not guaranteed to find employment, creating an opposition group.
Spain was a divided country: It had poor communication, people cared more about their regional identity than their own country and separatist groups were formed asking for independence.
Spain was a constitutional monarchy (never efficient): created political divisions.
Monarchists: preserve the power of the king.
Liberals: create modern democracy
Socialist and Republicans: remove the king
Communist: Russian-style revolution.
Separatist: independence of their regions.
Anarchists: No goverment.
Miguel Primo de Rivera: Dictator for 7 years, had support of the king.
World economic crisis led to high unemployment
Rivera was forced to resign.
Elections: Republicans win.
Problems facing the new republic
Socialists dominant group.
Unemployment, low living standard (government needed to take action)
Manuel azaña (Prime Minister), reforms:
Reduce church power
Removing senior officers form army
Self government in Catalonia
Increase of wages to industrial workers
Nationalism in Agricultural states.
All this reforms created a Right wing party. (they wanted to defend their rights).
Government policies also angered many left wing groups.
Strikes, riots and assassinations.
Elections: Right wing group win (Jose Maria Gil-Robles), cancels all the reforms.
Spain economic situation continued deteriorating. (new government incapable of maintaining law and order).
After politician being killed, the Spanish Civil War begins.
(Right wing group leader was general Francisco Franco)