Semantics

Classified in Language

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SEMA: trait or shade of meaning which is part of a term.
Semantic: this consists of words, terms or expressions that have in common at least one of their semes.
Phrasal lexical items: an expression consisting of several words associated with a single global concept that can not be broken.
Denotation:
it is a shade of meaning that have conceptual or referential words and this reflected in dictionaries.
Connotation are features of meaning, nuances of meaning that have to do with emotional values, emotional, psychological .. all this is related to our life experience, for they can create double meanings.

Semantic relationships:
Synonym:
relationship established between words with different but equally significant meaning.
Hyperonymy / Hyponymy:
Hyperonymic: term whose meaning includes the meaning of other terms that is the hyponym.
Cohiponimos: two or more words are cohiponimas when both are hyponyms of the same hyperonymic.
Antonym: relationship that exists between words semes opuestos.Tres types:
"Cigars are those that designate ralidades among which there may be other casos.La negation of one term does not imply an affirmation of otro.ej: cold-warm.
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Other: the negation of one term implies the affirmation of otro.ej: alive, dead, open-ended
- Reciprocity: the existence of one implies the existence of otro.palabras who engage mutuamente.ej: father, mother, mother-son, buy-sell.


Homonymy: two or more different temrinos therefore each has a meaning, but coincide in their significante.ej: dress-suit
Homophones: single match in its sound, not the grafia.ej: cow-rack, wave-hello.
Homographs: agree in their silk.
Polysemy: one associated with several significant significados.ej: bank, plant, apple.
Paronimia: words that are almost entirely in that significante.palabras than slight variations in the sequence dle significante.ej: addition-addiction, stay-analysis, fitness-attitude.

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