Sensory receptors capable of capturing stimuli

Classified in Biology

Written at on English with a size of 14.65 KB.

 

9.1. The function of interaction


The function of interaction consists on getting all the information from the outside and inside of the organism (using for it the sensory receptors), evaluating that information and generating responses.

The function of interaction is carried out by the coordination systems, which are the nervous system and the endocrine system. Both systems work fully coordinated. The differences between them are:


Nervous System

Endocrine System

The nerve impulses (electrically) transmit the information

The hormones (chemically) transmit the information

The responses are very fast but their duration is very short

The responses are slow but their duration is very long

The nerve impulses are carried by the neurons

The hormones are carried by blood

The nerve impulses affect very specific organs or cells

The hormones can affect a lot of organs

9.2. The nervous path

The sensory receptors get the information from the inside or outside of the body  in the form of stimuli. A stimulus is a detectable change. After detecting it, the receptor sends the information of the stimulus as a nerve impulse to the Central Nervous System (CNS) where an answer is created. Answers can be motor (movements made by the muscles) or secretory (glands that secrete hormones).

The basic nervous path can be resumed as: 


9.3. The sensory receptors 

The sensory receptors are the responsible of capturing information from the outside (extereceptors) or inside (the interoreceptors) of the body. Depending on the type of stimulus they can detect, we distinguish different types of receptors:


LOCATED IN OR ON..

SENSITIVE TO...

Chemoreceptors

nose /tongue

chemical substances

Mechanoreceptors

skin / ears

physical stimuli: touch, pressure,sound,waves...

Photoreceptors

retina of eye

light

Thermoreceptors

skin

temperature changes

Nociceptors

Throughoug the body 

Pain

Entradas relacionadas: