Sga environmental management system

Classified in Economy

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4. MANAGEMENT MODELS

Partial Models: Specific elements of the Management process brought to the foreground

-Management by Exception – Management only in exceptional situations.

-Management by Delegation – Management by transfer of tasks.

-Management by Decision Rules – Default decision rules are given.

-Management by Results - Management by control of results.

* Total Models: Inclusion of all elements of the Management process

-Management by Objectives – Management by agreed targets.

-St.Gallener Leadership Model - overall integrating model.

-Harzburger Leadership Model - Management with autonomous employees.

-7-S-Model - Mc.Kinsey Model - hard and soft factors.

* Management by objectives

-Description

o Management and employees agree jointly on targets.

o Employee has discretion - no specific order for the route to achieve his Targets.

o This shall motivate the employee and boost his creativity

o Leadership activity is mainly the agreement of targets and check of achievement

o Revolving operation: re-defining goals, when:

-After reaching the previous Target

-Problems to achieve the Objectives


Changing Environmental situations

·CSR = Corporate Social Responsibility

- Stakeholder approach: Implicitly included

- Shareholder approach: "License To Operate": The company must generate a social benefit in order to be Successful in the long term.

- Moral Approach: Company Has direct responsibility for the well-being of its employees (working Conditions, security).

-Indirect responsibility for Their families (income security)

-Indirect responsibility for Economically dependents (suppliers and their workers), ecological environment And dependent persons (health / nutrition) and political and other society (taxes, donations).


·Claims and justification

 -Social requirements:  pay suppliers on time, protect the Environment (noise, air and water pollution), company nursery and pay taxes.

- Companies are in the market competition: Must save costs, laws and contracts must be respected (institutions), environmental Protection causes costs and activity beyond legal requirements lowers Competitiveness (water temperature in small streams/CO2 emissions...) and environmental Protection or job security




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