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Hoel reading: Syrian Refugees in Eastern Europe: The political crisis in Syria broke out after the government’s violent response to demonstrations against the regime in March 2011. They desired democratic reform and were inspired by uprisings in bordering countries. President Assad cracked down by using violence. 4.1 Million refugees have fled from Syria to neighboring countries as well as thousands relocating to Europe. Germany, Sweden, and Serbia are the top receiving countries. Hungary PM Orbán has made it clear that Muslim asylum seekers are unwelcome in Hungary and argues that he is defending European Christianity against a Muslim influx. The thesis argues that EU states’ response can be divided into three categories (liberal: Germany & Sweden, moderate: Italy, and restrictive: Hungary) and argues the objectives of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) are not adequately fulfilled. The EU has imposed an array of sanctions (i.E., Council Regulation, arms embargo, ban on internal repression equipment, freezing of funds and economic resources, and obviously restriction to the EU). Sanctions have so far failed to facilitate any sort of political solution.

Fitzgerald reading: Defying the Law of Gravity: The Political Economy of International Migration:The article argues that certain dimensions of a country’s political environment—the configuration of citizenship policies and the strength of radical right parties—drive migration patterns in important ways. A destination country’s political environment conditions a potential migrant’s geographic and economic considerations. The article also argues that migration should be considered when analyzing internationalization. Scholars seek to explain why such constant migrations patterns have changed after decades, focusing on geography, economics, social networks, and deriving that these are plausible considerations, however, they argue in addition to what was mentioned, migrants also consider the destination country’s political environment as it will influence their quality of life and security. Four kinds of rights that influence migrants when considering their destination country are: residency requirements, dual citizenship provisions, birth-based citizenship, and language requirements.

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