Language is the power of human beings have to communicate through symbols that are shared and q can express the thought. / The language is a structured system of verbal and combination rules common to speakers comunudad. / Speech is the x concrete realization of the speakers of a language at a time and in a concrete communicative situation. / The linguistic norm is the set of rules and accepted uses x speakers of a language as exemplary ways of speaking. / Varieties of language - > varieties of situation due to the communicative situation, in every situation speakers are expressed in a manner of speaking registro__la q takes an individual in a situation and determiinados time, knowing q is speaking well due to the situation where q is located, is called registro.Una same person may use different registers depending on the following factors: intention and the relationship q cn tnga his interlocutor, the topic of talk qiero q and the mode of transmission of the message. · In a formal situation it is a formal record. • In informal situations uses a registration informal social varieties: they are the social group you belong to the speaker, each layer uses a manner of speaking sociolecto__La q x adopts a social group sharing the common characteristics sociolect or level is called factor-social.Tipos> · Factors biógicos: "Sex, aunq becoming less evident, sociolinguistic studies have shown q q men and women do not speak igual." Age also influences the way speaking people. · Social Factors: Depending on the amount of training is distinguished speakers 3niveles of use: "The cult is characterized x level greater correction-The average level of the speaker's own community, the grassroots is the q + away from the norm, geographical variants: they depend on where the language is spoken q, at each site uses a dialect, a dialect.
The sign and its types. A sign is any perceptible element q represents or replaces an idea, a feeling or realidad.Estructura->-signifier is the sign of the q x recipient receives some of its senses (traffic signal). "Meaning is the concept or idea associated with the signifier, its content is semántico.-Referent external reality to the sign refers q / / · Sense xel q perceived: visual (drawing), acoustic (shock), olfactory (colony) , gustatory (smell of wine), touch (a touch) · relationship between signifier and signified: "Signs (signifier and signified, or bear a natural relation of cause and effect)-Smiley (the ratio is similar or likeness)-symbols ( signifier and signified are associated x Convetions) / / functions of language, any communication process originates from a sender q what begins with a given q propósito.El use this language does, or the function q for performance, depends on the intention communicative.
|referential||concerning||convey information about reality|
|expressive||issuer||express feelings or opinions|
|appellative||receptor||call intended recipient or influence their behavior|
|poetic||message||create beauty and draw attention to the message|
|metalinguistic||code||treat language as a code|
Phatic channel Canal q sige check open