Social contract summary

Classified in Philosophy and ethics

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HOBBES

LOCKE

Rousseau

STATE OF NATURE

STATE OF NATURE

STATE OF NATURE

- Men are selfish and Bad by nature.

- We just follow the Instinct of self-preservation.

- Therefore, men are In war of all against all and they feel frightened.

- Men have natural Rights and obligations because God provided them.

- The most important Right is  private property.

- Man can increases His private property if he works to get it.

- Man has innate Goodness and has feelings of love and pity.

- Men live isolated But when they meet others, population increase.

- The increase of Population leads men to be organized into groups and private property Appears.

THE REASON FOR THE SOCIAL CONTRACT

THE REASON FOR THE SOCIAL CONTRACT

THE REASON FOR THE SOCIAL CONTRACT

- They replace freedom With the sovereign will in exchange for peace and security. 

- The contract is Irreversible. To break the contract means to go back to the intial anarchy.

- We don’t have the Right of rebellion.

- To have natural Rights doesn’t mean that others will respect them.  Others can try to get the property using The force.

- The contract is Between the individuals and the sovereign.

 - Individuals don’t renounce to their Freedom but to use force against other individuals.

- Live together Imposes a situation of inequality because people start to produce more than They need. We create false necesities.

- To avoid the new Situation, humans start to use their reason in order to create a law and in This way we created the moral values.

- Therefore, contract Is between each individual with itself, with its own reason.

THE STATE AFTER THE CONTRACT

THE STATE AFTER THE CONTRACT

THE STATE AFTER THE CONTRACT

- Authoritarian State.

- Parlamentary democracy.

- Separation of powers.

- Individuals has the right of Rebellion if the sovereign doesn’t protect their natural rights inside the New society.

- Direct democracy.

- Men remain free because they Create and obey the law at the same time.

- The sovereign is the union of All citizens that follow the General will [Free citizens look for the Wellbeing of the whole society and not only for themselves].

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