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ATPE MUSCLE TONE: State of tension or contraction of the muscle that forms the backdrop to our motor and postural activity in both its transitive as expressive, as changes in tone faithfully translate our emotional and affective. Types of muscle tone: or muscle tone at rest (or base). Attitude or tone (or postural). Or tone of action.
POSTURAL (Anatomy): Refers to the location and position of the various parts of the body animated by skeletal muscle responsible for opposing the action of gravity and whose result is a form of equilibration that we appreciate in relation to spatial references .
ATTITUDE: v Castañer and Camerino: The meaning that, more or less agreed, attach to the tonic visible manifestations and the subject used in its conduct of relations (postures and gestures). v Le Boulch (1978-80): Points out that changes in postural tone, with materials that are manufactured attitudes, depend on the psychological reactions. Are the translation of deep emotional and affective reactions, whether conscious or unconscious. / The various emotions and facts of consciousness are accompanied by changes tonics. The various affections produce corresponding variations in tonic muscle to communicate that change from one muscle to another for each affective state.
POSTURAL ATTITUDE: From the junction of the above is the concept of postural attitude "as the only reality conditioned by various factors (neurological, morphological and psychological). / Is defined as aform of personal balance, whether fleeting or permanent, we can see in terms of space-time references that are specific and different for each individual. Moreover, in many cases is accompanied by gestures and postures. / The attitude and posture, is the significant manifestation of behavior. They represent an adjustment, and as such, they must relate to the total body, a form of adaptation in the motor aspect predominates.
BALANCE: From the perspective of physics, the term equilibrium to the mechanical condition in which all forces acting on the body to counteract the result being equal to 0. / In PE, we usually relate it to balance the rebalancing (which relate to each movement corresponds to compensate the other prior to maintain stability).
ABILITY TO ASSUME ANY AND HOLD BODY PROP overcome gravity - Ability to control one's body in space and to recover the correct position after the intervention of a destabilizing factor. - It's the stable maintenance of the center of gravity in static situations or moving in space, beating or aid of gravity.


TYPES OF EQUILIBRIUM We can say that any movement comes from a balancing act. We distinguish: - Balanced reflection-type static-postural. - Balancing machine: motor activity in use, automated, daily life (eg, the march is a continuing imbalance compensation). - Balance volunteer: Applied in the motor action scheduled. Within this type of balance we distinguish the following: §Static: the ability to maintain a certain time a position without displacement of the body or its segments in an action or gesture designed or planned in advance by the executor of the year. § Dynamic: ability to maintain scroll position, despite the constant changes of position and displacement of center of gravity. Is set when it departs from the verticality of the body and after a balanced action, returns to the base of support. § Objects: are tonic-postural balancing activities of a segment with respect to the subject trying to maintain, however, in the field of Physical Education has a great interest and is addressed from two aspects: static equilibrium objects. Dynamic equilibrium with objects. // Thus the tonic activity is the basis for the various forms of muscular activity. / Keeping the position: The position still has a mean variation of tone. For all segments of our body are balanced in the position of minimum effort and maximum support. / Expression of emotions and body language support (attitude, qualities mimic the movement). It is the fabric of our every movement, participating in all motor behaviors (balance, coordination ...).
TONIC REGULATION OF ACTIVITY control that allows adjustment tonic postural and movement is related to the extent that the subject is able to resolve the muscle contractions that affect voluntary motor activity. / This adjustment of the variations of tone, is made possible by information from our sensory receptors. / Therefore, a good education of postural attitude starts with education and sensory perception.
FACTORS INVOLVED IN THE BALANCE: - Internal factors: The balance control depends primarily on capturing the feelings involved in it. § proprioceptive: kinesthetic and vestibular. § exteroceptive: touch and sight. / Add a psychological level, related to fear, insecurity ... and their connection with reality. - External: § Force of gravity defined as a centripetal force (from outside to inside) that makes that bodies are attracted to the center of the Earth. §Supporting basis: surface on which rests the subject. Area between the points of support. § Center of Gravity: point of application where power originates. § Line of gravity is the line connecting the center of gravity to the center of the Earth. For equilibrium, this line must be built into the base of support.

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