Rustow also suggests that maybe it’s the other way around meaning that modernization can only take place as a result of democracy. Modernization as a result not the cause of democracy.
2. Decision phase: here we institutionalize some main aspects of democracy (free elections, existence of different political parties). It’s based in trust on the population.
3. Habituation phase: democracy is a learning and long process
If the model works and is useful it should help us define what countries will become a democracy but we can’t assume one step will come after the other, some established democracies have failed. This article was so influential that four years after it was published 3 transitions took place: Portugal, Greece and Spain.