Five Stages of Campbell’s The hero with a thousand faces
In Joseph Campbell’s book The Hero with A Thousand Faces, the author uses stories from different cultures, religions, and myths to Explore hero’s journey. He identified a common pattern of 15 stages in stories Of heroes across cultures and religions. In the classic greek sense, Hero means A person of distinguished courage and noble character who serves as a role Model for behavior. Heroes exemplify the values of a culture. Myth is from the Greek word mythos, which means inspired art from the mouth. Inspiration is from The greek word entheos, it means god in or spirit in. This essay will explain Five stages of hero’s journey, Which are stage one: the call to adventure; Stage three: cross the first threshold; stage five: the road of trails; stage Seven: temptation, and stage nine: apotheosis.
The first stage is the call To adventure. In order to get the hero on the journey, to set her on a new Path, an invitation pointing the hero in a new direction out of his comfort Zone is needed. The hero needs a call, an inspiration to explore an adventure. Gandhi, the leader of Indian’s independence, was being ejected from the train In South Africa, this serves a perfect example of the call to fight for social Justice. This call let him to be aware of the social injustice imposed by the British discrimination on people of color. This call starts him on his journey of Civil resistance.
In Stage3 : cross the first threshold, the hero enters A place he or she has never gone before. The threshold is a piece of wood or Stone placed beneath a doorway, it is the doorsill. Crossing the threshold Means going through a doorway to set aside the ego. The hero will need the courage To enter an unknown zone. He or she will need to set aside the ego. In this Book, the author gives an example of Christopher Columbus, the sailor. Popular Belief at that time was ocean has borders. Columbus sailed his vessels, Breaking the horizon and set aside people’s belief. He sailed into the Atlantic Ocean, He has been credited for opening up the Americas to European Colonization.
Stage5 is the road of trials. Trials are in the Unknown zone, and can be physical, moral, and intellectual. In the road of Trials, the hero must learn his and his opponent’s strength and weakness. The Purpose Of this stage is the two become one, the hero encounters his opposite and he swallows His opposite. The hero then discovers that he and his opponent are not so different, But of the same flesh. This stage can be seen in sports contest, the contestant Must know and learn his or her opponent’s strength and skills in order to win The game.
As hero goes along the trails, he encounters Stage7, Which is temptation. Temptation makes the hero has the desire to do something That is immoral, wrong, or unwise. Temptation for male hero is women; for Female hero, is man. It symbolizes danger that distracts hero from completing Journey. Temptation can be sex, greed, and power.
The Purpose is to raise consciousness, to begin to see things from another’s Perspective
the Author gives us an example of saint petronilla. When her father saint peter Found out she was too beautiful, he asked god to turn his daughter sick of a Fever. Saint peter has the power to cure his daughter but he did not do so Until she began to be perfected in the love of God. Petronilla refused a noble Gentleman’s love and she fast and pray, finally she rendered her soul up to God.
In Stage9, apotheosis, the hero has had his success. Apotheosis means above the god, meeting the god above and realizing one is a Part of the source of creation. It Also means deification-become one with god. This stage serves the purpose of the hero experiences the enlightenment that God is source of creation, god is beyond all opposites, and we are a part of this Eternal divine source. Gandhi is an example of hero who have reached the top, Experienced apotheosis, and can see things from the other’s perspective. He saw British as siblings, and he believed muslims are equal to hindus, he believed In non-violent and poor people as “children of God ” rather than lowest Class.
Campbell referenced different myths of different Cultures to conclude a typical hero’s journey, hero’s journey can be seen in People living in contemporary culture as well. There are many stages that echo Many people’s the life and struggle. In order to be at the top of the mountain And enjoy the gift of God, one must accept invitation, cross the threshold, Move along the road and defeat any temptation.