THE ARMED PEACE (1870 -1914) in this period countries were dedicating a large part of their production to manufacturing weapons. During the period of Armed Peace, the role of the German Empire was important because of its economic and military development. The two phases in foreign policy and diplomacy: the Bismarckian systems (1871-1890) and policy of Wilhelm II (1890-1914). THE BISMARCKIAN SYSTEM (1871-1890) A system of diplomatic alliances developed by Germany to maintain the balance of power between European countries. by Otto von Bismarck under the reign of Kaiser Wilhelm I. alliances between Austria, Hungary, Russia, and Italy. the objectives of these alliances were: to maintain Germany hegemony in Europe and to prevent France from declaring war on Germany to recover Alsace-Lorraine.THE TRIPLE ENTENTE (1907) Alliance between Russia, France, and Great Britain in response to the expansionist policy of Emperor Wilhelm II and his political hegemony over Europe. The objective was trying to stop Germany’s expansion. FIRST World War(1914-1918) After the Austro-Hungarian Empire declared war on Serbia, other countries supported one side or the other, based on their own interests and pre-existing alliances. Two opposing sides formed: The Central Powers (Austro-Hungarian Empire, German and Ottoman empires and they were joined by Bulgaria) and the Allies (Triple Entente): France, Great Britain and the Russian Empire, Serbia. Later, they were joined by Belgium, Japan, Italy, Romania, the United States, Greece, Portugal, China, and various Latin American republics. THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION In 1917, the Russian Empire went through a revolutionary process which put an end to the autocratic government of Tsar Nicholas II. The revolution took place in two phases: the liberal-bourgeois revolution in February, and the socialist-proletariat revolution in October.