Structural innovations of gothic architecture

Classified in History

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8.Gothic Art

Mid-twelf century was born in France a new style that spread through Europe in the 13C, driven by the Church and the burgeoise of the cities. Following this style will be built civic building (town halls, palaces, markets, universities, shipyards), but also new monasteries linked to the Cistercian Order and specilly the great cathedrals.

ARCHITECTURE: includes: pointed arch, rib vault, flying buttress, lighter walls where opnen large windows decorated with stained glass, towes decorated with pinacles and steeples.

SCULPTURE: decorating facads, tympanus and archivolts, in addition to altapices, but also proliferated gargoyles and the tombs of kings, nobles and clergy. It is more expensive, less rigid and tends more to realism than Romanesque.

PAINTING: more realistic, used to be tempera on panel and was located usually in the altarpieces. Although the subjets were religious in the background landscape began to appear. In flanders, the burgeoise commissioned oil portations or scenes everyday life already in the 15C

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