Structure and function of endoplasmic reticulum

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NAME

FUNCTION OR FUNCTIONS

ANIMAL CELL/PLANT CELL

Cytoplasm

Contains substances and gives structure for the cell

Both

Nucleus

Controls everything inside the cell (directs cell activities) and transmits the genetic information to next generations

Both

Membrane

 

Both

Cytoskeleton

Maintain the cell´s shape and helps cells move

Both

Ribosomes

Produce proteins

Both

Lisosomes

Digestion of molecules

Both

Rough Endoplasmic reticulum

Produces proteinSeparates the cell from its environment and controls the passage of substancess

Both

Smooth Endoplasmic reticulum

Destroys toxic substances

Both

Vacuoles

Stores substances

Both

Golgi apparatus

Transports and packs molecules

Both

Mitochondria

Produces ENERGY

Both

Chloroplast

Carries out photosynthesis which creates organic matter from inorganic matter

Only plant cell

Cilia and flagella

Carry on movements of certain cells such as spermatozoa

Both but not all the animal cells

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