Tax law is a branch of public law

Classified in Law & Jurisprudence

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  • Westminster Model: parliamentary sovereignty and supremacy of UK. Makes parliament the supreme legal authority, which can create or end any law

    • Fusion of powers: executive/legislative branches together; PM is head

  • Backbenchers: rank and file MP’s of the majority party not  part of the gov. Or the opposition; sit in rows of benches behind their party’s spokesperson

  • Shadow Cabinet: opposition; sits across the majority party; designated replacement

  • Margaret Thatcher (1979-1990): conservative, moving away from corporatist interest groups and from welfare, wanted privatization/Thatcherism/Neoliberalism

    • Bully authoritarianism/austerity; no to labor unions, created social divides

    • Took keynesianism to monetarism (many permanent changes)

  • Whips: MP of the majority party who ensure that the backbenchers vote the way they are supposed to; help organize their party’s contribution to parliamentary business

  • White Hall: colloquial term for the policy creating executive branch, streets where all the ministries are; executive branch creates policy here

  • Hung Parliament: no party has a majority of 326; must form coalition (2010,1017)

  • Keynesianism: uses gov spending to stimulate the economy and shift the demand curve

  • Monetarism: uses the money supply to raise/lower interest rates and reserve requirement, also focuses on money supply to regulate economy

  • Austerity: govcut spending and raise taxes

  • Big Society: embraced by new coalition gov; integrating the free market with a theory of social solidarity. Commitment to Thatcherism but appealing to young.

  • White Papers: gov/authority report giving info on an issue (policy statement)

  • Question Hour: occurs when members of parliament ask questions of gov. Ministers which they are obliged to answer; allows members of parliament to challenge gov

  • Corporatist: pre-thatcher, sociopolitical organization of a society by major interest groups, known as corporate groups

  • Gradualism: process by which the gov has evolved without way and violent civil strike

Welfare State: state undertakes to protect the health/well-being of citizens by means of grants, pensions, and other benefits (Beveridge Report founded this and NHS)

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