"would you like some more tea?" indirect speech act

Classified in Language

Written at on English with a size of 5.89 KB.

Speech

Transient

2additive or 'rhapsodic'

3aggregative

4 redundant or 'copious'.

loosely structured Grammatically

6 people-centered;

7 context Dependent

Writing

Permanent.

2hierarchic­ally ordered Within the clause structure

3medium forlogical reasoning

4It tends to avoid Redundancy.

structured grammatically Compact

6 topic- centered

7 context-reduced

WRITTEN

SPOKEN

Every previous visit had Left me with a sense of the futility of further action on my part.

‘Whenever I'd visited There before, I'd ended up feeling that it would be futile if I tried to do Anything more.’

Improvements in Technology have reduced the risks and high costs associated with simultaneous Installation.

‘Because the technology Has improved, it's less risky than it used to be when you install them at the Same time, and it doesn't cost so much either.’

2similarities. Both depends of their culture, both change in Different situations

2differences.speech is transient, writing is permanent

Speech is loosely Grammatically. Writing is lexically and grammatically compact

Relationship Language and culture in language study are:1Who are native speaker, *Cross-Cultural.

Footing: A Term coined by sociologist Erving Goffman to denote the stance we take up to The others present

in the way we I manage the production or Reception of utterances.

Code-switching: Verbal strategy by which bilingual or Bi-dialectal speakers change linguistic code within the same speech event as a Sign of cultural solidarity or distance, and as an act of (cultural) identity.

Phatic communion: to characterize The ready-made chunks of speech like 'Hi, how are you?' that people use more to Maintain social contact than to convey information.

Code-switching: Verbal strategy by which bilingual or Bi-dialectal speakers change linguistic code within the same speech event as a Sign of cultural solidarity or distance, and as an act of (cultural) identity.

Conversational style: A person's way of talking in the manage­ment of conversations.

Native speaker: A person who is recognized, linguistically and culturally, by Members of a discourse community as being one of them.

Deixis: Process by which language indexes the physical, temporal, and social location Of the speaker at the moment of utterance. See index;

Social deixis: Process by which language indexes(l) not only the physical and temporal Location of the speaker at the moment of speaking, but also his/her social status And the status given to the addressee.

Index: To index is to point to the presence of some entity in the Immediate situation at hand.

Dietics: are words or phrases that point the Time, place or situation in which speakers are.

Examples’HERE’ ‘I am With them”

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