The bowed string instruments

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Bowed stringed musical instruments
General

· Material they are made of precious woods are the basic raw material for the construction of bowed stringed instruments. Depending on the part of the instrument used different woods. For example pine or fir for the body, ebony for the fingerboard. The sound quality is achieved thanks to a good raw material.
The strings are usually metal and gut.

With rub where the strings? Name and material The bowed string instruments are part of the family cordófono. Their sound is generated thanks to the vibration produced by the strings being bowed with a bow.
The arch consists of a rod with tip and heel. At the ends are attached between 150 and 250 horse manes (cerdas), which are stretched through a screw graduation.
Type of bowed stringed instruments
Background ·
The violin -
El Violin is a bowed string instrument, the most acute of his family.

The violin is an instrument of ancient origin: the prehistoric ancestors of the violin were plant fibers that, when pinched, make sounds with vibrations.
The Egyptians explained to their former King Tooth, after a flooding of the Nile River, found the shell on the shore of a dead turtle that contained only the tendons and nerves; natural pinching those ropes, the king caused a sound which was expanded by the shell of the tortoise. The ancient Greeks argued, however, that Mercury was the god of l
'wit, who empty the shell of a turtle, she applied two horns and goat · are spread among some cane stalks. So the god Apollo, patron of music and poetry, listening to the vibrations of the strings in his bow of silver, he thought the perfect instrument devised by Mercury. The Asian countries sought since antiquity to harness the vibrations of bowed strings between two pumpkins hollow that amplifies the sound. - The Violist of the viola is a bowed string instrument, played the role of the alto vocal quartet.
Appeared to violate the fourteenth and fifteenth century as the inheritor of Vielha, Vielha that is like a violin but the strings vibrate through a keyboard, is replaced by a rope il'arc polished. The appearance of this instrument, he wrote a huge trend for stringed instruments.
The violation of love had three or four variants corresponding al'extensió and human voices (soprano, alto, tenor and bass). The violation did not escape this habit and therefore know the viola Quinton (most acute soprano), spalla viola (viola shoulder), viola da braccio (arm viola), which is what s'asembla over the current and viola da gamba (viola leg) of tesitura and run mode similar to the cello.
Viola love you added strings and brass among others that ampliaben the sonority of the instrument also gave a special thanks to the buzzer and vibration common metallic sound of the strings below.
The violation came to help the voices and especially serious for the tessitura.
The cello -
El cello is a stringed instrument. It has four strings and the Do Re Sol plays a Arquet is made of horsetail hair.

Precursors cello appeared in the first half of the seventeenth century in Italy, as the violin family, were born as the bass viola da braccio in 1530, several years after the violin. For the manufacture of these new instruments were utlitzar other features, such as the fiddle. For the first time, housing is more similar to instruments like the cello Violón that s'utilitzaba as basso continuo. In addition, there habia others like violonzino or basset. Exsistia also love the viola, cello, reminiscent in its interpretation with arch support.
At first it is argued subjectan with a rope at the waist or over your shoulder or between the legs or the ground. There habia different cellos from the tenors, other higher sizes, with different tonality and form of restraint.
The bass -
à A bass is a bowed string instrument. Is the worst of this family.

The bass was purchased separate entity within the group of bowed strings in the eighteenth century. Not yet know with clarity what instrument drift and its emergence has come late in the music world. This may be due to its shape, size, pitch and bow, which were variable.
The bass can be defined as the second most serious intstrument fail the violin, although it presents considerable differences with regard to these.
The origin of the bass begins in the sixteenth century and was an evolution of the viola da gamba and violone low. Its large size prevented him entering the string quartet. Some people say that the bass can not be considered a true member of the violin family.
Currently the bass if it belongs to the family of violins.










Physical ·The violin -

















The viola -




















The cello -

The bass -
Technical ·-The Violin
The violin is the soprano instrument of the family which takes its name, made more by cello, viola and bass.
It is a bowed string instrument. The vibration of the strings produced by the friction of the manes of horses on the bow string.
The violin has a Batidor or smooth fingerboard, fretless (except electric violin). The fingerboard is a thin plate of wood that extends over the box. To make the strings sound pressure must be on the fingerboard.
The pitch of the pins is achieved through the ropes. They are usually made of ebony, a hard wood in which they occur is difficult slots and stack them and the strings are broken.
The strings are currently entorxades or metal, although they were initially large bowel. Its length is more or less than 325cm. The strings produce sounds of different height to vary the degree of tension and thickness.

The viola -

The cello -

The bass -


·
Each function within the orchestra stringed bowed instruments are the foundation of the orchestra. Most chamber music is written for strings and almost no orchestral work in which the family does not have an important role.
The violin -
In a symphony orchestra violins are divided into first and second. The same instrument are identical, but the first notes played and more acute as more serious and so are two voices. In an orchestra there are twelve to sixteen first violins, violins and twelve to fourteen seconds.
The viola -
The violas are placed to the other orchestral families, to balance the overall sound of the orchestra. Usually between the violins and cellos, with the Director. In a symphony orchestra is between ten and twelve violas.
The cello -
The cello in the orchestra is in front of all, next to the violas. In the orchestra there are eight or ten cellos.
The bass -
In a symphony orchestra and all bowed string instruments, bass lie in front of everything, and there are six or eight basses.



· Featured Artists-The Violin
Menuhinà Also known as Lord Yehudi Menuhin of Stoke d'Abernon, was born on 22 April 1916, in New York. He was a violinist and conductor of Russian origin and dual nationality, British and estadunidense.
Niccolò Paganini was born in Genoa on 27 October 1782, was a violinist, guitarist and composer, considered among the most famous virtuosi of his time, recognized as one of the best violinists who have been with perfect intonation and an absolute ear, arc expressive techniques and new uses of technology.
Isaac Stern was born in Kremenetz, Ukraine, on 21 July 1920. Estadunidense was a violinist, considered one of the best of the twentieth century.
Vanessa-Mae Nicholson Vanakorn Known as Vanessa Mae, born October 27, 1978 in Singapore, is a classically trained violinist, but famous for his recordings in which mixed classical pieces with pop, jazz, techno and other modern rhythms . The recording that gave him fame was The Violin Player al1994.
The viola -
Jordi Savall was born in Igualada, Barcelona, 1941. It is a violation gambista, Spanish conductor and musicologist specializing in music history.
Lionel Tertisà Born in Hartlepool, on 29 December 1876. It was a violation of English, perhaps one of the first artists to draw attention to the viola as a solo instrument.
Paul Hindemith was born in Hanau on 16 November 1895. It was a German composer and musicologist.
The cello -
Casalsà Paul was a cellist, to his great contribution to the world of music was innovative in the interpretation with the cello. His interpretation of the songs of birds has become a symbol of peace and freedom around the world, and so much more significant in scope Catalan.
Leopóldovich Mstislav Rostropovich was born in Baku on 27 March 1927 was a Russian musician, considered the greatest cellist of his generation.
Pierre Fournierà born 24 June 1906. Heaven was a French novelist who called the aristocrat of the sky writers, for his elegant musicality and its majestic sound.
Luigi Rodolfo Boccherini was born in Lucca on 19 February 1743, was a composer and Tuscan chelista with Spanish nationality.
The bass -
Franco Petracchi Considered one of the most prestigious bass and teachers of the instrument.
Portfolio Ron was born on 4 May 1937 in Ferndale, Michigan. It is a jazz bassist. Its particular swing made him a great musician. One of the most recorded musicians in the world.
Mingusà Charles was born in Arizona, 22 April 1922, was a estadunidense jazz bassist, composer, conductor and pianist. He was also known as an activist against racial injustice.
Born in Scott LaFaroà Rocco 3 April 1936, was an American jazz bassist, he joined the original group of Bill Evans and decisive for the history of his instrument.

· Anecdotes
Hearing comments
The Trout Piano: Daniel Barenboim
Franz Schubert Violin: Itzhak Perlman
Viola: Pinchas Zukerman
Cello: Jacqueline du Pré
Bass: Zubin Mehta

It is a piece for piano with string quartet which includes the full range of bowed stringed instruments.

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