The Generation of '27

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Exceptional promotion of poets (second Golden Age of Spanish literature) GENERATION FEATURES: Dates nearby university education, fellowship, friendship, mutual influence progressives. Generation of '27: the third anniversary of the death of Gongora (pure poetry is praised). STAGES: Until 1929: Youth, avant-garde, tradition and poetry pura.1929-1936: Personal conflicts through surrealism; rehumanization "committed or impure poetry "1939: break-generation (exile, poetry compromised by various ways.) modernism and tradition: Neopopularismo: traditional poetry; Golden Age: Góngora, Garcilaso, Quevedo ... Nineteenth Century: Dario, Unamuno, Machado, symbolist poetry. XXGómezSerna (futurism, creationism, ultraism, surrealism). TEACHERS: Ramon Jimenez and Ortega y Gasset forms and themes: love, fate, the universe, muerte.Visión futuristic city, optimism and negative aspects of the breakthroughs. Featured Authors: PEDRO SALINAS1 Stage: pure poetry, futurist, creation, love, search for what is beyond reality 2nd stage, you voice due Stage 3: exile, reflection situation in Spain JORGEGUILLÉN fundamental theme: jubilant affirmation of being and existence. Canticle: Song of creation, relationship between man and reality. GERARDO DIEGO thematic and formal variety. 1st stage, on poetry: traditional lyrical influences Becquer, Juan Ramon modernism. 2nd stage, absolute poetry: Avant-Garde: elimination the whole story, new poetic reality. FEDERICO GARCIA LORCA: A key figure, a synthesis of popular and cult. Lorca's tragic and violent world. Topics: Love and Sex = energy and fullness, but doomed to failure = death (tragic destiny of man), the social and moral imposition. Style: evocative function of words, symbols, visionary image, impressionistic trend, musicianship, folk poetry, forms clásicas.Obra: Gypsy Ballads and Poema del cante flamenco, traditional and avant-garde elements. Romancero: Andalusia tragic gypsy stylized and unreal world , the Gypsy and primitive freedom, order and repression of the Civil Guard. "Poet in New York: Vanguard, dehumanization, loneliness and suffering, desire for love. Sonnets of Dark Love. Vicente Aleixandre Nobel Prize in Literature 1977 The destruction and love as assimilation in the universe. Surrealism. Metrical regularity, repetition, short verses long. Step 1: Loneliness and pain in a natural paradise. Surrealism. Espadas como labios Stage 2: History of heart, idealistic humanism and solidarity with the man. Step 3: Reflection on aging and death. Poetry of consummation. Luis Cernuda: key works: The reality and desire, conflict between the desire to live free and uprooted. Other topics: loneliness love nature Influence time Becquer, conversational tone, long lines, without rhyme. Stage 1: Initial stage of classical influence and unfulfilled love. Surrealist phase: Forbidden Pleasures: attack on the repressive society, phaseConsolidation: Influence of Becquer and other German Romantics. Donde habite el olvido. 2nd stage: after the exile are incorporated. RAFAEL ALBERTI: Neopopularismo: Traditional Poetry. Marinero en tierra: Nostalgia of Cadiz and children. Baroque: Cal y canto; Surrealism: Sobre los angeles, personal crisis. Social Concern: A specter is haunting Europe. Poetry of Exile: Social concern. Among the carnation and the sword.

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