The girls if

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The Yes Girls' was written in 1801, but was not released until 1806 at the height of his career short Moratín. Being defeated the French at the Battle of Arapiles culminating with the Napoleonic invasion of 1808, Moratin is banished.

The girls themselves, socially critical comedy is considered his masterpiece. Written in 1801, and premiered in 1806, twenty-six consecutive days, which means a great success then. It has been long believed that reflected the writer's relationship with Paquita Muñoz, even the protagonist is named Francisca.

The girls themselves, apart from his testimony to understand Moratín, is also a plea for women's rights to marry whomever they love, not for convenience of family, as was normal. It is a timid defense, since neither Charles nor Francis revolt to defend their love, will have to be Don Diego, the boyfriend of interest, who put a fair outcome to the conflict. It is situated far from the heroes of classical theater, passionate and rebellious.

Its protagonists are, Dona Irene, widow and mother of Paquita, who arranges the marriage of his daughter with Don Diego, a wealthy bachelor. The appearance of Don Carlos, the nephew of Don Diego, will thwart the plans of the widow. They also appear the figure of the servants, Rita Simon and Calamocha.

Main characters:

  • Don Diego: An elderly man in love with Dona Francisca. As he is wealthy and the family of Dona Francisca is not so, her mother is going to force her to marry him. It is the uncle of Don Carlos.

  • Don Carlos: A man in love with Dona Francisca. The known when going to Zaragoza, and falls in love with her, so much so that he sees every night. And they have a sign to speak in secret, which is given three claps. He is a soldier, and is the nephew of Don Diego.

  • Dona Francisca: A young woman studying in a boarding school in Guadalajara, and is forced to marry Don Diego for duty to his mother Doña Irene.

Secondary characters:

  • Doña Irene: The mother of Dona Francisca, and are forced to marry Don Diego.

  • Simon, Don Diego's servant, always at his side.

  • Rita: Maid of Dona Irene, always next to Dona Francisca

  • Calamocha: Servant of Don Carlos.

  • Don Diego: You realize that Dona Francisca is not his, that he really loves is his nephew Don Carlos, so he decides to leave the marriage with Dona Francisca, so you can marry happily with his nephew.

  • Doña Irene: His desire was to see his daughter married to Don Diego, a wealthy man, but finally gets to understand that love is more important and decides that his daughter can marry Don Carlos.

  • Dona Francisca: Actually she did not want to marry since Don Diego Don Carlos loves, but she thinks accomplish what his mother says, but in the end get married Don Carlos with the consent of her mother and her fiance

  • Don Carlos: Love Dona Francisca but the fact of being his uncle who was going to marry her to do something prevents him, in the end his uncle to reason and Charles get married Dona Francisca.


The action takes place in Alcala De Henares, at an inn.

Dona Irene is the mother of Dona Francisca (who is also called Paquita), and that forces them to marry Don Diego, a man who lives in Alcala De Henares. Dona Irene and Rita (a servant of Mrs. Irene) are going to Guadalajara by Dona Francisca, who is studying in a boarding school run by nuns. Begin the work with his tardiness, while Don Diego and his friend Simon, a little concerned about this delay. And they were to visit and spend time there, better known for Don Diego and Dona Francisca, and went early in the morning back to Guadalajara. But Don Diego does not know that Mrs. Irene is going to force his daughter Dona Francisca to marry him, and Don Diego finds out that evening. Don Carlos goes to see Dona Francisca, the two lovers, and seeing that it was in Guadalajara, is going to see Alcala De Henares, where he finds an inn. Don Carlos had met going to Zaragoza, but stopped in Guadalajara, where he was invited to the birthday of Doña Francisca, and so fell in love. Every night was Don Carlos to talk to Dona Francisca Guadalajara. He received a letter from Dona Francisca saying that his mother would force her to marry another man, Don Diego, Don Carlos that without knowing it was his uncle. He mounted his horse, and did not find in Guadalajara, so he went to Alcala De Henares, where he found it. There, with the signal they had to speak in secret, it was to give three pats awakened Don Diego and Simon, and saw that Dona Francisca and Rita were raised, and Don Carlos is that he threw a letter out the window of the inn . The Don Diego and Simon took and read it, and learned everything. Don Diego sent Simon to bring this man who dropped the letter, and began to talk to him. Don Diego asked him why he threw the letter, and he replied that he had loved her. Later comes Dona Francisca and discover Rita and Don Carlos and Don Diego conceal them talking and they know nothing. But in the end leaves Dona Irene and I have between Don Diego and Dona Francisca she

Not in love with Don Diego, but Don Carlos. So Mrs. Irene is angry and going to hit, but leaves Don Carlos and protects it, and finally Don Diego and Dona Irene realize that they could not oblige Dona Francisca to marry and who does not want Don Diego gave the Dona Francisca hand to his beloved nephew, Don Carlos.

During the neoclassical there are two completely different streams:

  • One, in the early eighteenth century baroque which tracks trends and work of its leading representatives: Lope de Vega and Calderon de la Barca

  • Another, in the second half of the century, calling for reform of the theater. The authors called for a neoclassical theater baroque abandon the precepts, offer plausible stories and convey a moral to the audience.

The head of this period is Leandro Fernandez de Moratin whose work has been exhibited in this work.

The reform that neoclassical authors claimed was done in the second half of the eighteenth century, the most prominent change was the three unities of time, space and action.

  • Unit Location: The work of Leandro Fernandez de Moratin break this rule as the story unfolds at an inn in the town of Alcala de Henares.

  • Unity of Time: also break this rule because the story takes place in less than twenty four hours, for an afternoon begins and ends tonight.

  • Unit of Action: The meet, because there is only one story to tell in the book. It is the love between Don Carlos and Doña Francisca, who want but can not marry.

What was called at that time to bring up a child was to teach that belies the innocent passions. Nas judge of honest but then they are instructed in the art of lying and silence. All are allowed less sincerity. As long as you pretend what you most want, provided they are dedicated to pronounce when you send them because they are considered well bred and an excellent education called when inspiring in them the fear of a slave.

The woman who married her husband owed obedience to the woman, upon marriage, assumed the status and nationality of her husband, if she married a foreigner, once dissolved the marriage, regained the Spanish nationality. It gave the husband the right of administration of the assets of the couple. It was said that the woman could not dispose of property without permission from the husband.

In this work include the following stylistic devices:

  • Comparisons: "We came as two sparks"

  • Etymology: "the animal all night praying for God"

  • Enumerations "between mother daughter, boyfriend and lover"

  • Hyperbole: "If lady has eaten more than an ostrich"

This play written by Moratinos is not acceptable to me was a work in which I laugh a lot, and I find it very entertaining, but if you look on the other side can be positive as a way of criticizing the very unworthy act.

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