Primary and secondary themes. The work presents the situation as the main theme of social injustice suffered some servants by their masters. The former is an humble and poor peasants, with total submission abiding abuse cacique class. The lords exercising a despotism so aberrant and selfish end. Delibes faces two ways of understanding the world and two conceptions of the relationship between man and nature. Life has passed the servants always in direct contact with the earth. The link of the lords with nature lies in its ownership and possession. Delibes faces two conflicting worlds, the natural order, associated with rural life and the chaos associated with urban culture. From a thematic point of view, the novel has four main lines: Development of Spain in the early '60s. Exploiters and exploited, rich and poor, victor and vanquished. Manichaeism and the relationship between good and evil. Rural injustice.
There are a number of themes in the work: Wealth and poverty, two distinct worlds: the leaders and servants, family and friends of Master Ivan's family against the Bajo.El Paco Manichaeism, the dichotomy between good and evil almost always without any middle, leaving a permanent place some warm characters in the two dominant social classes in the inheritance novela.La Spanish civil war: winners and losers are forced to live on land social agrestes.Indefensión of the middle class doomed to be despised by the rich and most hated by the bonded peasants, the existence of Don Pedro and his wife continued adultery with Master Ivan is a sample of the ignorance and illiteracy papel.La: as main weapon of the powerful to continue to maintain its status. The contrast between the two worlds is brutal, and only the young people strive to learn to leer.La relationship between man and nature: as an extension of their role in society, the rich exploit it for your convenience and farm workers must live with it for survive.The first signs of new attitudes jóvenes.El final triumph of the most disadvantaged: the most vulnerable and disturbed people are responsible for shaking the foundations of this social structure stagnant.
SECONDARY ISSUES: Book One: the warmth, love of nature, fear and death. Azariah establishes a special relationship with the little girl, and with nature: the owl's outputs with the oaks show their harmony with the environment, which gives some felicidad.Libro second, the possible redemption of the innocent. Items are restated earlier book, as the love of nature, but the fundamental issue is the failure of the projects of the third inocentes.Libro: love of neighbor among the poor. The main character returns to Azariah, thus reiterating the themes of the first book and appears linked to another reason: Azariah de la Jara was expelled and settled in the house of Paco, bringing incomodidades.Libro quarter: passion hunting. The passion for hunting is the theme that stands out in this book. The frequent hunts whipped Delibes defend what game called''aristocratic''that he is not hunting but distracción.Libro game or fifth: the rebelliousness. The hunting passion appears linked to the abuse of man and nature. Paco The two accidents show that the selfishness of Master atenúa.Libro not six: the latest abuses. Revenge. General themes are repeated but recent abuse of Ivan is a certain novelty. The leak-fit of Dona Purita reflects that oppression also extends to the oppressors.