The House of Bernarda Alba

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It should be emphasized that women appear only as it is a drama about them.
Bernard (60): All the negative focus on it. It is tyrannical, hypocritical, despotic and is the target of most criticism of the work. His language and warns his character: the repeated use of words prescriptive and support on the stick (power).
-Anguish (39): The eldest daughter, born of the marriage of her first husband, Bernarda. It is intended to marry Pepe el Romano, with money. While aware of this, her only wish is to leave the house and the power of his mother. After almost 40 years there are no passions and joys.
-Magdalena (30 years): This is the second daughter of Bernarda and the most wanted his late father. She is convinced that will never marry, and would have liked to have been born male. She and Amelia have accepted the power of his mother with resignation.
-Amelia (27): The third daughter of Bernarda has the character more timid and frightened of all. Just talk.
-Martyrdom (24): The most complex character of all. Her mother foiled her marriage to the young Henry Humanes as this son of a farmhand. Feels great resentment and jealousy of her younger sister.
-Adele (20 years): The youngest daughter. Not willing to submit to the tyranny maternal and everything in it is vitality. Established moral challenges, break the stick of his mother, although it is impossible to overcome and this leads her to a tragic fate.
"The Poncia (60): It is the maid of the house. It is the main confidant of Bernarda despite the hatred he feels for her.
"Maria Josefa (80 years), Bernarda's mother is a crazy old lady whose words drip madness and truth. Express your daughters any dare to say, their desire for freedom, love, maternity, and so on.
"Pepe el Romano (25 years): The work is not physically at any time, although it is omnipresent. It is the catalyst of all passions and anger at home.
Main themes of the work
- Social classes: the people who said Lorca is a town that has distinguished social classes, each member of the people know what position you are and it is clear that is required to put up with it. Poncia and Bernarda not have a relationship of friends, as Bernarda clear that they are not of equal status, so can not be treated equal. Bernarda clearly conveys the importance of social class because he speaks with contempt of the people who are not up to it.
- Role of Women: Oppression of society on women. The women of the house on several occasions spoken about the "way of making women." Adela will always be the default way to make it clear that she does not accept the reason why women have to do certain things and men do not. Although Bernarda plays the man than the woman because she is putting its house in order, directs and supervises the maids to their daughters the right way, women in the village are well differentiated men. The woman in the village where he lives Bernarda is required to be below the man and make the case to the extent that they are under its dictatorship.
- Oppressive society: in the village all women maintain a constant chatter and gossip that makes everyone act so hypocritical because they do not do things if they were not under so much pressure. Murmurs are distorted with each person who has, and that creates an atmosphere of continuing tension. Bernarda and her daughters are subjected to criticism and rumors at all times during construction.
"Tradition," The mourning Bernarda wants to maintain an eight-year mourning exaggerated. All your daughters resigned except Adela, who thinks it is not fair. "Arranged marriages: Angus is going to marry Pepe el Romano. Pepe el Romano Angus wants to marry because it has a lot of money. Decency: Bernarda have this desire to appear negative. In addition, comments on the life of the external characters and references to the biography of Pontius make clear that this is one of the central themes of the work. Conservative morality: the obsession with virginity, religion, false appearances and what people say ¨ ¨ are the issues surrounding Bernarda and her daughters.
- Authoritarianism: Bernarda is despotic and cruel. Acts without feelings and a radical way. One of the symbols to express his power is his staff.
- The desire for freedom. All the sisters feel a huge desire to leave the house, but all are resigned to what they live, except Adela.

- Hate:
Sisters without wanting or looking for are locked in a house for eight years, in an exaggerated mourning. All look like the only one saved from this cruel fate is distressing since she is the daughter of Bernarda's first husband, and takes up the best leading man of the people, so that the hatred between the sisters increases as it passes the work.
- Envy: Angus is the best out of the house of Bernarda, with Pepe el Romano decides to go for it. Adela feels that the best qualified both physically and by age is she, but still Pepe el Romano is the richest. Martyrdom as Adela both envy what is happening to his sister and Martyrdom see how, in turn, Adela is at night with Pepe, so slowly, creates a big conflict between them.
- Money: This book is much talk about social classes and therefore the money and property of each. The money in the house of Bernarda focuses on Angus, but we consider that the Alba family belongs to the middle class. In the play there are many discussions about money because Sorrows is carried to the people most handsome leading man for his wealth.
Environment, structure, poetic realism
It should be emphasized the dramatic progression of the main conflict. As the story progresses, we move further into the house and, symbolically, in the souls of people. Each incident is perfectly locked to the previous and next thus achieving a great chain of action, reinforced no doubt by the fact that there are no scenes, with Lorca's expertise in structuring the drama is obvious in terms of fluency, naturalness of the characters when entering and leaving the line only for maximum dramatic scenes.
"The wealth of manners, we get in touch with the people and witness everything that happens there.
"Documentary Photography: The game will be appreciated steadily between white and black.
"However, realism is loaded by an important symbolic dimension and an overweening argument, which is defined as poetic realism.
Lorca was heavily influenced by symbolism, common in the Generation of 27. Here are a few symbols:
"Water: sed as a reference to sexual desire (see Suffocation: Bernarda why you want to close windows and Adela / Martyrdom thirsty. The horse kicks when you are thirsty). The village has no rivers (same age) but wells (dark symbols of death). References are compared to stagnant water / wells poisoned with endless clean water and sea (which is associated with María Josefa).
"The moon is given by the fact that Adela loves the moon and stars symbol of eroticism, which speaks of his passion with Pepe el Romano and his desire to possess it, because it speaks of how beautiful it is the night the moon and stars, which reveals their desire for freedom.
-White-black (is reinforcing the idea of documentary photography: white for the positive in general (life, liberty, sexuality) as it relates to black death (Adela dies at night) and religious fanaticism (mourning .)
"The color green: Lorca means rebellion. Evidenced by the green dress that looks Adela and the range you use, it is the only one of the daughters who rebels against her mother's wishes. Green is also represented for Lorca's death, so we can see in the same character of Adela (dressed in green) to end their lives tragically.
"The heat helps to intensify the prevailing dramatic tension and shape the sad character of the inhabitants of drylands face of the inhabitants of the wetlands. In addition, is also associated with fate and the fate of the characters.
"The stallion represents another clear symbolic role. Is the correlation of Pepe el Romano in the animal world, and therefore, a highly charged sexual symbol. So much so that the response of Bernarda, Prudence has, in the manuscript crossed a significant variant, "At dawn he cast five" (mares). Five, as the daughters of Bernarda. With the stallion introduces another dramatic role space.
-The cane as a symbol of power tyrannical Bernarda. When it breaks Adela tyranny just shows the defiance of Adela. The staff as a phallic symbol. The cane as a symbol of Bernarda blindness to the passions of his daughters.
"The names of the characters. Bernarda Force (bear), Martyrdom and distress are obvious, Adela (nobility, but can also come from the verb "catch up"), Amelia (without honey) and Maria Josefa (Mary mother of Jesus, Joseph father of Jesus, symbolizing the age character). Help the reader to draw some character traits in their etopeya (personality, etc)
And, finally, the white walls of the house fades as the story goes, passing by white (Act 1) to "slightly bluish" (Act 3), symbolizing the loss of purity ( issue that haunts Bernarda) throughout the work.
Dialogue and language
The mastery of dialogue is unmistakable. Everyone speaks according to his character and the replicas are short and lively, making the whole work becomes a very real character. This is reinforced by the technique, so characteristic of Lorca called "poetization of everyday language, which gives the characters of a higher sensitivity, by raising popular talk poetically everyday language and popular sayings.
Bernard: The name of Teutonic origin, "with force or thrust bear." Alba: white, a symbol of chastity.
"Anguish: etymologically from the Latin" narrow "," difficulty. " Means oppression, affliction, anguish, narrow place or time. To this, add the direct meaning: he is a heartbroken by the passing of time. Is getting old and has not found a husband and, therefore, look for a way out of the house.
"Magdalena: distraught tearful.
"Amelia: territory ruled by a warlord.
"Martyrdom: death or torture suffered by reason of religion.
"Adela, of noble character.
"The Poncia: name equivalent to Pontius Pilate.
"Prudence, one of the four cardinal virtues, which is to discern and distinguish what is good or bad to follow or run away from it.
"Maria Josefa: Santa Maria, the Virgin Mary and St. Joseph, her husband, parents of Jesus.

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