The poetry of Antonio Machado

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THE POETRY OF ANTONIO MACHADOSu poetry began in intimate modernism which owes much to Symbolism, the symbol will be the most prominent feature of his first book-but also includes the romantic Spanish Becquer. Machado's modernism is far from the colorful and exotic world of Darius. For that, and that is noticed right from Campos de Castilla, his poetry will move towards more realistic attitudes that will culminate in a commitment to himself and the sociedad.Machado defined poetry as a key word in time, ie, poetry as witness the man over the portion of life that everyone will live. This idea, therefore, is contrary to the escapist and aesthetic design of the modernists. The poet must not only bear witness to itself, but also others around him. This idea that part of the evolution of the "inner self" to "collective us", is called otherness, ie the idea of the existence of "I" in "other." Machado topics. The major themes that underpin his poetry are time, memory and sleep, autobiography, love, death, God and Spain. These issues are associated to a greater or lesser extent to certain symbols that comment conjuntamente.A Machado interested in the time and experience, not as a metaphysical philosophy. Time is the framework that places the life of man, so the passage of time produces anxiety in the poet. That anxiety, the agony is determined by the contradiction, the struggle is between not being able to exist only in time and while being devoured by the same time we live. Time is so inexorable path toward life and death. In its last stage, the time is not only seen as trouble, but as a reflection of the "collective we" that we mentioned and then sees poetry as a dialogue between man and his time. The most important temporary symbols are: evening: one of his favorite symbols, evoking the decline of the human being is associated with sadness, melancholy, and the water: it is a complex symbol but basically related to the flow of life , you can tell from the joy when it springs or running, to death if you are standing-Manrique, "the way, also associated with the topic manriqueño symbolizes the way of life, both that which is lived-road traveled, and the future; items landscape also act as witnesses to the passage of time as the lemon, witnessed children, youth poplar or oak, saw the former greatness of Macro Castilla.Orestes noted in the preface to The Complete Works of Machado ( RBA, 2005): "I was thinking," says Machado, "that the poetic element was not the word pro audio unit value or the color or line or a complex of sensations, but a deep throb of the spirit", (111) and the distance is accentuated with Darius on the design of poetry. The memory and sleep. Can be understood as equivalent because both are seen as a form of knowledge more accurate and revealing that one's view of reality ["Yesterday I dreamed I saw God" is the only way possible, from their need to believe, to contact with God]. The memory and dream recall moments that are still alive in the consciousness and therefore in the present of the poem and poet. The most important symbols associated with this theme are the source because it calls to memory, but like the memory [Manrique: "any past was better"] is sad, the source transmits penalty, thegarden, is the illusion of childhood memory and, therefore, is a symbol that conveys happiness. The garden, by contrast, has connotations similar to the source, as it involves the subjugation of nature to man. The autobiographical theme. Machado recalls his life from childhood in Seville to the anguish of his daily living present. It is an autobiography of the soul, not a succession of physical facts. What matters is to show how the soul has felt over time, from happiness to deep skepticism child and adult moral leeway. Often this topic is developed in dialogue form, that is, the poet talking to himself, unfolding the "I" in "you". The dream is mixed with autobiographical theme because, remember, it is a fairly accurate way of knowing from the outside world. The "crystal" and "mirror" are symbols of the autobiography, the first symbol of poetry, clear, transparent, shown to the world without deceit, the second is a reflection of the poet who can cover with its past and look This works as a reflection of past or present. Love is sad, sad relationship with Eleanor, and has little erotic-he talks about his loving little success. Underlies a lack of love which comes from sadness. However, manifests itself in various ways. In Loneliness is disappointment and sadness, in Campos de Castilla, painful experience for Leonor in Songs Guiomar is dignified and is presented as a feeling ennoblecedor.La death is closely related to the time it is not time, the final the road. Before her at risk if the poet, though sometimes revolts, such as after the death of Leonor. The symbols of this angst, this emptiness, this is not the sea, sunset, autumn, shadow. God. God is an invented and can not believe or be achieved. However, Christ is understood as the triumph over death. Anyway Machado is a matter of faith that leads to a craving for wanting to believe and not get it. This issue and the following are important and almost exclusive Campos de Castilla. The theme of Spain is included within the principles of the generation of 98, ie the idea of regeneration of the country that is exemplified by Castilla. The author incorporates his poetry that the Castilian landscape associated with the past greatness of the Spanish people. This is different, the people who inhabit this landscape are asleep and need to wake up. Sometimes the landscape serves as a starting point for intimate reflections on the future of his own biography existencia.Su can be traced to his work: his own self in Portrait ", anguish over the death of Eleanor," A dry elm " ; the pain of his death "A José María Palacio", his liberal spirit "Proverbs and Songs" and its social commitment in his poems of war. " The whole of his poetry is short. It opens with Solitudes (1903) will be expanded with new poems in 1907 in the new poems Solitudes, Galleries and other poems. Is this the best book of poetry which is revealed intimate modernist vein. The most important contribution is the symbol for communicating the search process itself and the ongoing reflection that performs over time, life or death. The melancholy that pervades the work and dialogue that keeps the poet personified elements-the seasons, night, are also distinctive. Campos de Castilla (1912). The most important development that occurs with respect to their previous collection of poems is the increased use of referentiality to designate more directly the reality that names, ie less use of the symbol.It is a heterogeneous collection of poems ranging from very intimate poems dedicated to a romance narrative Leonor "The Legend of Alvargonzález." Two contributions can be identified as novel: the poet's engagement with ideas and «a passionate description of the Castilian landscape beauty, beauty that contrasts with the passive nature of its people. God and the destiny of man also figure prominently. New Songs (1924). Try a classic rooting poetry peppered with mythological themes. They are songs that have points of contact with the popular lyric. It is a descriptive poetry in Castile and Andalusia alternate. Guiomar songs are the testimony of a new and Late Poems of Love and War (1936) reflects its commitment to the Republic. Their language is characterized by sobriety and willingness anti-rhetorical. Its metric is varied, from high art verses the start, even less than final.Lo art is not to say that do not exist, in particular the river or the road as symbols of life are used quite as well as the sea, symbol of absolute death.

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