The poetry of war.'s Lyrics begin postwar young poets who had emerged before the race to which has been called the 36th Generation Group Escorial. Escorial was a magazine born in 1940 and hosted poets like Luis Rosales, Luis Felipe Vivanco, Leopoldo Panero and Ridruejo. The cultivated kind of poetry that is in line with the imperial idea and epic of Spain who spread the victors of the war. Its features are: the cultivation of a heroic theme and imperialist love with religious themes and the use of classical meters and stanzas. In 1943 the journal appears Garcilaso, directed by José García Nieto. The invocation of the Renaissance poet justifies the use of hendecasyllable and the sonnet. The formal perfection of his compositions reflect an optimistic view of the world, based on strong religious and political convictions. 1944se year considered as the year that was born post-war poetry. Two poets of the 27th, Damaso Alonso and Vicente Aleixandre, and boosted the magazine Espadaña renewal. Son of the wrath of D. Alonso was the most important book of the decade and has a vocabulary full of words antipoetic. His poems express the anguish and anger at injustice, pain and horror of life. This poem is a thematic and formal break with poetry established (the poetry of Garcilaso magazine). Vicente Aleixandre published this year Shade of Paradise. Cattail magazine, directed by Vicente and Eugenio Time Cremer, adopted a belligerent stance against the magazine Garcilaso. It defends a man tampering with the poetry of his time. Other poets existential Gaos Vicente, Jose Maria Valverde, Carlos Bousono, José Luis Hidalgo. There are other groups like the poetic avant-garde movement that advocates the Postismo imagination and humor associated with surrealism: Miguel Labordeta, JE Girlot and Carlos Edmundo de Ory, its leader. And the group Song (Córdoba), inspired by modernism and the generation of '27, looking for the exquisite formal and basic: Pablo García Baena and Ricardo Molina.
Social Poetry of the 50s. This poem is intended to show the true reality of man and country, he sees poetry as a means of changing the company to be denounced injustice, social inequalities and lack of poetic freedoms, as Celaya.El Gabriel said item is the stage upon which the poem is constructed, it is intended to be directed to as many people as possible. Hence, the language is direct, colloquial and sometimes prosaiso. The major poets were Blas de Otero with I ask for peace and the word, José Hierro know much about me, Gabriel Celaya with Cantos Iberians and Eugenio de Nora.
The promotion of 60 children of war. Formed by Angel Gonzalez (Treaty of urbanism), Carlos Barral, Jaime Gil de Viedma (Posthumous Poems), Claudio Rodriguez (Don of drunkenness), José Angel Valante (Memory and signs), Felix Grande and Carlos Sahagun. Poetry is a means of knowledge of reality, the early works are under the influence of social and poets Antonio Machado, is a poem that expresses the intimate, individual experience and feeling different. Employ a more exquisite and artistic language, looking for a personal style, is full of humor and irony.
The newest generation or 70. Poets born after the war: Vasquez Montalban, J. Maria Alvarez, Feliz de Azua, Molina Foix, Gimferrer Pere, Guillermo Carnero, Leopoldo Panero, Ana Maria Moix and Antonio Martinez Sarrion. The group's name is José M ª Castellor critical in 1970 compiled a autology with the name of Nine newest Spanish poets. The group admires foreign poetry continual references to his works, is a poetry-related experiemental or the avant-garde modernism. Defends the autonomy of art and expresses extreme concern over the language, urban culture, by the mass media and advertising or myths as Marilyn Monroe. Aimed at "neosurrealism, facing that connects with the generation of '27 and the Surrealists of war and continues the line of some very new and Antonio Martinez Sarrion or Leopoldo Panero. White Nadreu with a girl of provinces came to live in a Chagall, Staff of Babel, The phistone. "Romanesques with issues like the night, the importance of singing and death. Antonio Colinas with Sepulchre in Tarquinia, Night beyond the Night, Garden of Orpheus, The Silences of the fire .- Poetry of Silence, minimalist or conceptual continuous line fragmentary poetry Valente, preferably in short verse, condense the concepts and leave the verbal excess. Are compositions that invite suggestions via wing Silence. Jaime Siles with Genesis of light, joy, music .- Poetry water experience, a trend that appears to have greater repercussions in the current poetry scene. It covers topics ranging from daily events and the urban reality to the deepest concern for intimacy or over time. Reflection on life is tinged with a spiritual and emotional content, and the presence of anectota often leads to narrative poems, poems that use a conversational and a dramatic monologue. Luis Garcia Montero highlights urban poems revolving around the city are reasons as Rimado City, Separate Rooms, Fully Friday, Jon Juaristi with poetry and intimate social trend, and come laden with irony and parody as a poet Journal recently married domestic landscapes, weather and dreary; Miguel D'Ors emotional intimacy with a poem that offers a religious and family themed responds to a careful preparation and technique as sky is blue and the image of his face.
The novel after 1936. In the immediate postwar period highlights what is called the existential novel. Then in the 50s, social realism is the dominant line. The novelists of exile became known years later to publish their work, these are Ramon Sender withRequiem for a peasant space offers a vision of the civil war through a priest tormented by the memory of the murder of a parishioner. The adventure equator of Lope de Aguirre a historical novel and Nancy's thesis. Francisco Ayala in dog deaths , The bottom of the vessel located in the subgenre of novels of the dictator who is a dictatorial regime indagccion in an imaginary Latin American republic with the consequent social and political corruption and the utter degradation of human beings. Max Aub author of an extensive, his novels of exile range from traditional realism to the experimental and the streets of Madrid Valverde on the dictatorship of Primo and the novels collected in The magical maze: Field closed field of blood, open field, Campo del Moro Campo Campo French and the almond. Rosa Chacel with unreason it intelectual.Manuel Audujar grouping his novels in Lares and Punish: Plain, The loser, The fate of Lazarus.
The postwar novel: the difficult years 40. The atmosphere of cultural disorientation at the beginning of the war is very marked in the field of the novel. He has broken with tradition to be immediately banned pre-war social novels and works of the exiles. Two held as evidence identifies d eun new start: The Family of Pascual Duarte, Cela is a bitter vision of rural reality brutal, inaugurated the alarmism or the solution of the hardest aspects of life and Nada by Carmen Laforet presented a girl student in Barcelona, where he lives with relatives in a sordid plot in a stifling of the reality of the moment, just pick a style and a sad tone. M. Delibes published his first novel Shadow of the cypress is long, also published Gironella, Dario Fernandez Florez, Zunzunagui, Torrente Ballester. The approach is existential and there are the big issues of loneliness, frustration, death. The bitter reflection of everyday life is the note comun.Los marginal characters reveal the discomfort of the moment, leading to novel testimony complaint.
Social realism in the novel. It happens to social concerns, the social novel has as its theme the company or the denunciation of social injustice that will be the mainstream between 1951 and 1962. Start with the Beehive which is the precursor of the current with its relentless vision of Madrid society. The wheel of Luis Romero was also representative of Barcelona collective characters but as a framework. Delibes presents The Way and My adored son Sisi, Quem ur Spanish plots of reality: a Castilian village or a bourgeois family. In 1954 are released Fernandez Santos, Sanchez Velosio, Ana Maria Matute, Juan Goytisolo, German Hortelano, Carmen Martin Gaite, who are mid-century generation with common characteristics such as solidarity with the poor, the disagreement in Spanish society , the desire for social change. Within the dominant neo-realism realistic or attitudes can be identified several dominance of objectivism (proposes a brief testimony without apparent intervention of the author, his demonstration was exrema behacionismoque behaviorism is to record the external behavior of individuals or groups and collect their words) and critical realism (highlighting the miseries and injustices with the intention of complaint and the lyrical realism of Matute).
Spanish society as a narrative theme. Interested in the social, collective, society ceases to be a framework to become the subject of thematic relato.Las are the hard life in the camp: The Braves Fernandez Santos, the glow and blood With the east wind and Ignacio Aldecoa, Alfonso Grosso's ditch, two days of September Bruald Caballero. The world of work: Central Electric Lopez Pacheco, Grandal of Aldecoa. Urban-themed novels: La Colmena, The wheel of Luis Romero, La Surf Goytisolo. Novels of the bourgeoisie: Games of the hands of Goytisolo, new friendships and Summer Storm Hortelano Garcia, Entre curtains Martin Gaite. Novels that evoke the Civil War: Duel in the Paraiso de Goytisolo, first novel Matute.La social memory was so poor technically interested in content that is subordinate techniques. The structure of the narrative is usually simple, linear narrative, and simple and concise descriptions. Most of the novels focus the action of a space and a reduced time. Collective character is represented as a synthesis of a class or group. The dialogue appears predominant. The language is bare, direct, and takes the style of the Chronicle.
The Spanish novel from 1962. In 1960 began to appear signs of tiredness in the dominant realism in the Spanish novel. The novelists have increasingly regard foreign contributions and caused a huge impact as the new Latin American novel The City and the Dogs of Vargas Llosa and hundred years of Solitude by Garcia Marquez. In 1962, Time of silence arises Martin Santos, heralds a new phase, from 1962 to 1975, critical inputs occur in the line of experimental restoration of the novel: Five hours with Mario by Delibes, late evenings with Teresa de Juan Marse, Signs identity andReturn to the region of Juan Benet, 1936 St. Camilo Cela. There were also authors such as Alvar Cunqueiro, Cela, Delibes and Ballester who helped shape new narratives.
The Spanish novel from 1975 until today. In the last years of the twentieth century novelists four generations living together: The generation of 36 with Cela, Ballester, Delibes, José Luis Sampedro. The mid-century generation, Juan and Luis Goytisolo, Jaun Benet, Juan Marse, Martin Gaite. The generation of 68: Montalban, Mendoza, Jose Maria Merino, Luis Landeros, Jaun Jose Millas. And the new promotion of 80: Antonio Munoz Molina, Julio Llamazares, Arturo Perez Reverte.Sus features and trends since 1975 were: renewed interest in the history and stylistic variety, variety of topics from ethical commitment to realism, the historical Rebuilding or pure fantasy. They used the technique of counterpoint, the suspension, perspectivism, temporary jumps, use of documents, technical object which is alo follow a character throughout the novel like a camera. Thematic classification of the novel from 75. "Black or police: The truth about the case Savolta Eduardo Mendoza, the mystery of the haunted crypt Montalban, A sesinato in the central committee .- Historica: The golden dreams of Merino, Llamazares wolf Luna, Manuel The carpenter's pencil Rivas, The Polish Rider Muñoz Molina, Captain Alatriste Arturo Perez Reverte, The heretic Delibes.-cultural or literature within literature: literary creation becomes an issue. Andrez Novel Hut Merino, Alvaro's adopted son Pombo and Munoz beatus ille-Intimate Molina.: Yellow Rain Llamazares and disorder in your name Millas.-Traditional: The Fountain of Age by Luis Mateo Diez and Games Luis Landero late age.