LA PRE NOVELA SPANISH CIVIL WAR In 1912 there are four novels that launched an innovative path in Spanish narrative are Azorin Will, Way of Perfection of Pio Baroja, Love and pedagogy Sonata Miguel de Unamuno and Valle Inclán Fall . All these novelists, each with its own peculiar style, reacting against the realistic and naturalistic formula still valid. The technical differences from the novel of the century with the previous are: The displacement of the point of view is not the author, but one or more players who have the novelist hechos.El inserted into the skin of the character principal. Many of these novels have the protagonist a "alter ego" of the author (they have the personality of the alter ego of author.) Pass the third person to first persona.Es the character himself which autoanalyzer, as we know it manifested in different moments of his vida.Aunque most of these novelists were born in the periphery peninsular are moved by the landscape and the soul of the classic value Castilla.Todos españolesLa story loses importance in favor of speech. That is, as interested in the account, how to tell the story not si.La novel is told in the inner world of the hero or protagonist (Unamuno). The narrative is often fragmented into stages, the product of the perfections of the protagonist.
Pio Baroja It is one of the representatives of Spain misogynist literature. Was devoted almost exclusively to the novel and its influence on subsequent narrators has been considerable. To Baroja, the novel is a genre that fits everything from philosophical reflection to the adventure. It is a novelist of action, not thought, there is preference for the topics of adventure. His protagonists are usually misfits beings, which often fail in their vital struggle. Her novels revolve around existential evolution of a single character, the protagonist. With him are other characters, friends or relatives, who provide data about the central character. Not worried about the outcome of the work. Use short paragraphs, freestyle clear and precise. Baroja bothered to organize their production in trilogies: Tetralogy of sea captain's star Chimista, height Pilots, The Labyrinth of the sirens and Concerns Santi Andia. The struggle for life: The search, Aurora Weed and Red . This trilogy provides a reflection of Madrid society of the century and chronicles the struggle of the underdogs (most humble) for uploading, and outsiders to enter the city. Tierra Vasca: The cause of Aizgorri,The firstborn of Labraz and Zalacaín. The race: The lady wandering the city of fog and the tree of knowledge (autobiographical novel, reflects the moral despair and disorientation of Spain at the time. Narrates the life of Andres Hurtado up his suicide. Other works: Memoirs of an Action Man (collection of 22 works from 1913 to 1935. They have a unique character Avinareta Eugene, an ancestor of Baroja), Reports on the last lap of the road, dark Lives (stories that reflected their experience as a physician.)
Miguel de Unamuno Playwright, novelist and poet (he is a philosophical poet.) Unamuno's novel becomes an ideal medium to interpret reality. Unamuno's novels focus on the inner conflict of the characters. He began his production of novels with Peace in War, a historical novel and realistic. The second novel is Love and pedagogy. Other works: Fog (subtitled nivola of which, has the anti-determinism) Abel Sanchez (narrating the theme of jealousy), Aunt Tula, San Manuel Good Martyr (in which it is posed by the loss of faith healing Don Manuel Bueno).
Jose Martinez Ruiz, "Azorin" Abandoned his law studies for journalism. In the novels of Azorin stop motion and time. The narrative is fragmented into snapshots that make up pictures or photographs. Landscape is the best of this generation (G.14). In his early works there is a revolt against established values, social awareness related to anarchism and a critique of all subjective spiritual concern. Works: The Will (1902, novel impressionist), Antonio Azorín (the protagonist of the earlier work ), Dona Ines and Don Juan.
Valle-Inclan He studied law. He begins his narrative development in modernism (1880-1914). Rejects traditional realism and defends a conception of aristocratic and anti-bourgeois aesthetic expression and ien the fable and legend. Enter technical innovations in the novel, culminating in the creation maximum absurdity. Novelas: The sonatas (there are four autumn sonata set in Galicia, summer sonata, sonata sonata spring and winter) are written in the form of reports and represent an allegory of human life. The protagonist is the Marquis de Bradomin which describes itself ugly, Catholic and sentimental. The dominant theme is carnal love where there is no shortage of homosexuality and incest (she was in love with his cousin Dona Concha). Other themes are death and religion. In the sonatas there are two archetypal female images (models): the femme fatale and fragile woman;The Carlist War is a trilogy consisting of The crusaders of the cause, The glow of the fire and bigwigs of the past. This trilogy presents a vision of traditional Spain Carlist Spain facing the liberal Republican. For Valley, liberalism represents the source of all evil and proposed as a model the Carlist Spain. Appears linked to the clergy and people Carlism acts instinctively knowing the motive of each side. Tirano Banderas is a novel experiment that provides a historical novel. You are the characteristics of the grotesque (distortion of reality). The Iberian ring consists of a series of novels in which he intended to chronicle a period of 30 years, since the end of the reign of Isabel II (1868) to War Cuba (1898). Valle designed the project in three trilogies, but only completed two novels (The court of miracles and live my own) and left unfinished two (Baza of swords and the thunder gold).
RAMON PEREZ DE AYALA Is a writer who belongs to the generation of 14 or novecentista. Create an experimental novel that is concerned with the issue of consciousness and aspects of the world including the unconscious and the subconscious. It uses the theatrical dialogue and stories interspersed, and tested ways of approaching the perspectivism. In its production we distinguish two stages: the first consists of tetralogy of marked autobiographical, the second stage, the author is concerned with universal themes (love, sex education, language, honor ...). Between the two stages is a composed of transition calls poetic novels (published under the title): Prometheus, Luz Sunday and The Fall of the lemons. Major novels: Darkness at the summits, AMDG (ad maiorem dei glory), the leg of the fox and danzaderas Troteras and form the tetralogy that tells the protagonist's crisis Alberto Díaz de Guzmán. In Apolorio Bellarmine and develops the idea of harmony. Honeymoon, moon of ice and Urbano and Simona works, these novels raise the consequences of the lack of sex education. Tigre Juan and El curandero his honor have as its theme pursuit of perfection in the experience of fruitful love.
GABRIEL MIRO Nineteenth-century writer or the Generation of 14. Create a powerful novel lirismo.Y background and context is the Levantine landscape. They are novels that raw emotion, but no lack of action. In the first stage his novels are modernists, but evolve to a more thoughtful writing.Major novels: Cherries in the cemetery, Our Father, Saint Daniel and The Leper Bishop.
Avant-garde novel RAMON GOMEZ DE LA SERNA His novels are inspired by his biography and reflect the world in his time. Incorporates sexual elements with some rawness but hide the details. Works: The white and black widow, The Grand Hotel, The Fifth of Palmyra, Women of amber and Nardo.
Jarno BENJAMIN Develop an avant-garde work. Her novels revolve around a single character and proclaimed them the freedom and the affirmation of the joy of life. Works: Madness and death of Nobody and Paula and Paulita and Scenes with death.
PRIOR TO THE THEATRE THE CIVIL WAR The scene in the early twentieth century was dominated by several dramatic currents from the second half of the nineteenth century: the so-called high comedy, chico, the Astrakhan, theater realistic social drama and histórico.La theater fans to the theater around 1900 was very large. The theater is experiencing a situation of great vitality about 300 works that were performed in Madrid with two or three functions a day. However, the Spanish scene was theoretically backward. The most successful authors in the comic theater were the brothers Alvarez Quintero (Joaquin and Serafin), which premiered numerous works of Andalusian atmosphere that reflected the life of a gentle and superficial. Pedro Muñoz Seca is the creator of Astrakhan. The Astrakhan is characterized by a sense of humor, extreme, almost based on the joke, parody, the anachronism and the pun. The author's interest is to make the audience laugh as some of his works, Don Mendo's Revenge and The Extremadura meet. Other authors such as Unamuno and Azorin also tried to renew the Spanish scene, but his works had little impact critical and commercial.
CARLOS Arnicho It takes the form of farce and tragedy extensive grotesque. Parts that use humor to expose the national situation Works: Miss Trevelez, which is my husband, the chiefs and is my man
Jacinto Benavente Gets the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1922. His plays are characterized by verbal richness, precision in the description of the environments and the critical sense towards the bourgeois and aristocratic society. His characters tend to typological simplification, so they are easily recognizable by the public. He was an actor, author, entrepreneur, theatrical, theater critic and theorist. He composed 200 works being the most successful Vested interests (develops the theme of the power of money) and the poor dear (drama addressing the issue of honor).
Valle-Inclan It represents one of the most extraordinary adventures of contemporary European theater. In a dramatic life is a continued intention to renew formal and dramatic, and an attempt to break away from the scene of an era. Gradually evolves to its maximum setting is the scarecrow. Classification Theatre Valle-Inclan: Modernist Cycle: The Marquis of Badromín or Wilderness of souls. In these nineteenth-century drama theme is adultery. Cycle mythical barbarian Includes three comedies Eagle heraldry, lions and Cara Romance Silver and also Divine words. These works are related to his native Galicia in them represents an archaic society, ruled by primal force, the conflict focused on lust, pride, cruelty, despotism, sacrifice, superstition, magic. This trilogy dramatizes the tragedy of Montenegro, the main character is Don Manuel Montenegro. Represents the decline of the landed gentry, his greatness is in contrast to the greed and vulgarity of a less ridiculous. "Cycle of farce: One of a kind, usually brief, with the sole aim of making people laugh. In a farce introduces characters from the show business, the use of costumes or play within a play, among them are Tablado's puppet education of princes, a work that presents a contrast between the sentimental and the grotesque. His characters puppets, announce the arrival of absurdity. Other travesties are La Marquesa Rosalinda and comprising the following three puppet Tablado ... are infantile form of the dragon's head, Italian Farce king's love interest, Farce and Queen Castiza license. Grotesque Cycle: Luces de bohemia, a work in which defines the technique of absurdity. Mardi Gras including Don Friolera horns, the riches and wealth of the deceased andThe Captain's Daughter. Final cycle: presence of the irrational and instinctive dehumanized characters, schematic, guiñalescos, cultivate the technique of the grotesque. Altarpiece of greed, lust and death, The Pink Paper, The head of the Baptist and The Haunted .
FEDERICO GARCIA LORCA
Create the true poetic theater as well as the word becomes important music, dance, scenery. His theater to express the problems of life and history through a language loaded with connotations. He began his first drama in modernist theater, with The Curse of the butterfly and the historical drama Maria Pineda. He is the author of four farces, Dan reflexes to conflict arising from the marriage of convenience between the old and the young. The Puppet of Don Cristobal Tragicomedy of Don Cristobal and Rosita sign. Others of them are shams for people The Shoemaker's Prodigious Wife, The Love of Don Perlimplin Belisa in the garden. The avant-garde works are The Public, Comedy untitled spend five or so years. Composes taxable theater, the theater anticipates breaking space time, split personality and the possibility of more dramatic trilogy interpretaciones.La Lorca: Blood Wedding, Yerma and The House of Bernarda Alba. They thrive in a rural setting in which natural forces imposed a tragic destiny. The argument is of little importance, Blood Wedding dramatizes the power of passion, sex of the earth. Yerma is the subject of infertility as a curse for the protagonist, she sees that it is fertile or fertile around. The House of Bernarda Alba develops the struggle between the principle embodied in Bernarda authorities, which gives years of mourning or repression for their daughters.